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Zimbabwe Geography 2018

SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Zimbabwe Geography 2018
SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 28, 2018

Location:
Southern Africa, between South Africa and Zambia

Geographic coordinates:
20 00 S, 30 00 E

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 390,757 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 386,847 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 3,910 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 62

Area - comparative:
about four times the size of Indiana; slightly larger than Montana

Land boundaries:
total: 3,229 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (4): Botswana 834 km, Mozambique 1,402 km, South Africa 230 km, Zambia 763 km

Coastline:
0 km (landlocked)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
none (landlocked)

Climate:
tropical; moderated by altitude; rainy season (November to March)

Terrain:
mostly high plateau with higher central plateau (high veld); mountains in east

Elevation:
mean elevation: 961 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: junction of the Runde and Save Rivers 162 m highest point: Inyangani 2,592 m

Natural resources:
coal, chromium ore, asbestos, gold, nickel, copper, iron ore, vanadium, lithium, tin, platinum group metals

Land use:
agricultural land: 42.5% arable land 10.9%; permanent crops 0.3%; permanent pasture 31.3%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 39.5%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 18% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
1,740 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
Aside from major urban agglomerations in Harare and Bulawayo, population distribution is fairly even, with slightly greater overall numbers in the eastern half

Natural hazards:
recurring droughts; floods and severe storms are rare

Environment - current issues:
deforestation; soil erosion; land degradation; air and water pollution; the black rhinoceros herd - once the largest concentration of the species in the world - has been significantly reduced by poaching; poor mining practices have led to toxic waste and heavy metal pollution

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
landlocked; the Zambezi forms a natural riverine boundary with Zambia; in full flood (February-April) the massive Victoria Falls on the river forms the world's largest curtain of falling water; Lake Kariba on the Zambia-Zimbabwe border forms the world's largest reservoir by volume (180 cu km; 43 cu mi)


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Zimbabwe on this page is re-published from the 2018 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Zimbabwe Geography 2018 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Zimbabwe Geography 2018 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) The assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 28-Feb-18
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