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Svalbard Government 2017
https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/svalbard/svalbard_government.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Svalbard Government 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Country name:
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Svalbard (sometimes referred to as Spitsbergen, the largest island in the archipelago)
etymology: 12th century Norse accounts speak of the discovery of a "Svalbard" - literally "cold shores" - but they may have referred to Jan Mayen island or eastern Greenland; the archipelago was traditionally known as Spitsbergen, but Norway renamed it Svalbard in the 1920s when it assumed sovereignty of the islands

Dependency status:
territory of Norway; administered by the Polar Department of the Ministry of Justice, through a governor (sysselmann) residing in Longyearbyen, Spitsbergen; by treaty (9 February 1920) sovereignty was awarded to Norway

Government type:

Capital:
name: Longyearbyen
geographic coordinates: 78 13 N, 15 38 E
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October

Independence:
none (territory of Norway)

Legal system:
the laws of Norway where applicable apply; only the laws of Norway made explicitly applicable to Svalbard have effect there; the Svalbard Act and the Svalbard Environmental Protection Act, and certain regulations, apply only to Svalbard; the Spitsbergen Treaty and the Svalbard Treaty grants certain rights to citizens and corporations of signatory nations

Citizenship:
see Norway

Executive branch:
chief of state: King HARALD V of Norway (since 17 January 1991)
head of government: Governor Kjerstin ASKHOLT (since 1 October 2015); Assistant Governor Lars Erik ALHEIM
elections/appointments: none; the monarchy is hereditary; governor and assistant governor responsible to the Polar Department of the Ministry of Justice

Legislative branch:
description: unicameral Longyearbyen Community Council (15 seats; members elected by direct vote to serve four-year-terms)
elections: last held on 6 October 2015 (next to be held October 2019)
election results: seats by party - Conservatives 5, Green Party 2, Labor Party 5, Liberals 3
note: the Council's main responsibilities are infrastructure and utilities, including power, land-use and community planning, education, and child welfare; however, healthcare services are provided by the state

Judicial branch:
highest court(s): none; note - Svalbard is subordinate to Norway's Nord-Troms District Court and Halogaland Court of Appeal, both located in Tromso

Political parties and leaders:
Svalbard Conservative Party [Kjetil FIGENSCHOO]; Svalbard Green Party [Espen Klungseth ROTEVATN]; Svalbard Labor Party [Arid OLSEN]; Svalbard Liberal Party [Erik BERGER]

Political pressure groups and leaders:
NA

International organization participation:
none

Flag description:
the flag of Norway is used

National anthem:
note: as a territory of Norway, "Ja, vi elsker dette landet" is official (see Norway)

NOTE: The information regarding Svalbard on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Svalbard Government 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Svalbard Government 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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This page was last modified 22-Feb-17
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