Netherlands Geography 2019


Netherlands Geography 2019

Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Western Europe, bordering the North Sea, between Belgium and Germany

Geographic coordinates:
52 30 N, 5 45 E

Map references:

total: 41,543 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 33,893 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 7,650 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 135

Area - comparative:
slightly less than twice the size of New Jersey

Area comparison map:Area comparison map

slightly less than twice the size of New Jersey

Land boundaries:
total: 1,053 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (2): Belgium 478 km, Germany 575 km

451 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
contiguous zone: 24 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - contiguous zone country ranks ]
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - exclusive fishing zone country ranks ]

temperate; marine; cool summers and mild winters
More Climate Details

mostly coastal lowland and reclaimed land (polders); some hills in southeast

mean elevation: 30 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: -7 m lowest point: Zuidplaspolder
862 highest point: Mount Scenery (on the island of Saba in the Caribbean, now considered an integral part of the Netherlands following the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles) note: the highest point on continental Netherlands is Vaalserberg at 322 m

Natural resources:
natural gas, petroleum, peat, limestone, salt, sand and gravel, arable land

Land use:
agricultural land: 55.1% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 29.8% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 1.1% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 24.2% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 10.8% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 34.1% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
4,860 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
an area known as the Randstad, anchored by the cities of Amsterdam, Rotterdam, the Hague, and Utrecht, is the most densely populated region; the north tends to be less dense, though sizeable communities can be found throughout the entire country

Natural hazards:

volcanism: Mount Scenery (887 m), located on the island of Saba in the Caribbean, last erupted in 1640;; Round Hill (601 m), a dormant volcano also known as The Quill, is located on the island of St. Eustatius in the Caribbean;; these islands are at the northern end of the volcanic island arc of the Lesser Antilles that extends south to Grenada

Environment - current issues:
water and air pollution are significant environmental problems; pollution of the country's rivers from industrial and agricultural chemicals, including heavy metals, organic compounds, nitrates, and phosphates; air pollution from vehicles and refining activities

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
located at mouths of three major European rivers (Rhine, Maas or Meuse, and Schelde); about a quarter of the country lies below sea level and only about half of the land exceeds one meter above sea level

NOTE: 1) The information regarding Netherlands on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Netherlands Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Netherlands Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order

This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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