Belize People - 2021


GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES  Spanish Simplified Chinese French German Russian Hindi Arabic Portuguese


405,633 (July 2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 175


noun: Belizean(s)

adjective: Belizean

Ethnic groups

Mestizo 52.9%, Creole 25.9%, Maya 11.3%, Garifuna 6.1%, East Indian 3.9%, Mennonite 3.6%, White 1.2%, Asian 1%, other 1.2%, unknown 0.3% (2010 est.)

note: percentages add up to more than 100% because respondents were able to identify more than one ethnic origin


English 62.9% (official), Spanish 56.6%, Creole 44.6%, Maya 10.5%, German 3.2%, Garifuna 2.9%, other 1.8%, unknown 0.3%, none 0.2% (cannot speak); note - shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census (2010 est.)

printed major-language sample:
The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information. (English)

La Libreta Informativa del Mundo, la fuente indispensable de información básica. (Spanish)


Roman Catholic 40.1%, Protestant 31.5% (includes Pentecostal 8.4%, Seventh Day Adventist 5.4%, Anglican 4.7%, Mennonite 3.7%, Baptist 3.6%, Methodist 2.9%, Nazarene 2.8%), Jehovah's Witness 1.7%, other 10.5% (includes Baha'i, Buddhist, Hindu, Mormon, Muslim, Rastafarian, Salvation Army), unspecified 0.6%, none 15.5% (2010 est.)

Demographic profile

Migration continues to transform Belize's population. About 16% of Belizeans live abroad, while immigrants constitute approximately 15% of Belize's population. Belizeans seeking job and educational opportunities have preferred to emigrate to the United States rather than former colonizer Great Britain because of the United States' closer proximity and stronger trade ties with Belize. Belizeans also emigrate to Canada, Mexico, and English-speaking Caribbean countries. The emigration of a large share of Creoles (Afro-Belizeans) and the influx of Central American immigrants, mainly Guatemalans, Salvadorans, and Hondurans, has changed Belize's ethnic composition. Mestizos have become the largest ethnic group, and Belize now has more native Spanish speakers than English or Creole speakers, despite English being the official language. In addition, Central American immigrants are establishing new communities in rural areas, which contrasts with the urbanization trend seen in neighboring countries. Recently, Chinese, European, and North American immigrants have become more frequent.

Immigration accounts for an increasing share of Belize's population growth rate, which is steadily falling due to fertility decline. Belize's declining birth rate and its increased life expectancy are creating an aging population. As the elderly population grows and nuclear families replace extended households, Belize's government will be challenged to balance a rising demand for pensions, social services, and healthcare for its senior citizens with the need to reduce poverty and social inequality and to improve sanitation.

Age structure

0-14 years: 32.57% (male 66,454/female 63,700)

15-24 years: 19% (male 39,238/female 36,683)

25-54 years: 37.72% (male 73,440/female 77,300)

55-64 years: 6.18% (male 12,235/female 12,444)

65 years and over: 4.53% (male 8,781/female 9,323) (2020 est.)

Dependency ratios

total dependency ratio: 52

youth dependency ratio: 44.4

elderly dependency ratio: 7.6

potential support ratio: 13.1 (2020 est.)

Median age

total: 23.9 years

male: 23 years

female: 24.8 years (2020 est.)

country comparison to the world: 172

Population growth rate

1.67% (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 59

Birth rate

21.62 births/1,000 population (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 65

Death rate

3.99 deaths/1,000 population (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 213

Net migration rate

-0.98 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 143

Population distribution

approximately 25% to 30% of the population lives in the former capital, Belize City; over half of the overall population is rural; population density is slightly higher in the north and east


urban population: 46.2% of total population (2021)

rate of urbanization: 2.3% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)

Major urban areas - population

23,000 BELMOPAN (capital) (2018)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 0.95 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.94 male(s)/female

total population: 1 male(s)/female (2020 est.)

Maternal mortality rate

36 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 104

Infant mortality rate

total: 11.4 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 12.64 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 10.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 129

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 75.56 years

male: 73.96 years

female: 77.24 years (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 118

Total fertility rate

2.66 children born/woman (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 64

Contraceptive prevalence rate

51.4% (2015/16)

Drinking water source

improved: urban: 100% of population

rural: 98.6% of population

total: 99.2% of population

unimproved: urban: 0% of population

rural: 1.4% of population

total: 0.8% of population (2017 est.)

Current Health Expenditure

5.7% (2018)

Physicians density

1.12 physicians/1,000 population (2017)

Hospital bed density

1 beds/1,000 population (2017)

Sanitation facility access

improved: urban: 98.8% of population

rural: 95.3% of population

total: 96.9% of population

unimproved: urban: 1.2% of population

rural: 4.7% of population

total: 3.1% of population (2017 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate

1.2% (2020 est.)

country comparison to the world: 35

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS

3,800 (2020 est.)

country comparison to the world: 126

HIV/AIDS - deaths

Obesity - adult prevalence rate

24.1% (2016)

country comparison to the world: 60

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

4.6% (2015/16)

country comparison to the world: 81

Education expenditures

7.6% of GDP (2018)

country comparison to the world: 9

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)

total: 13 years

male: 13 years

female: 13 years (2019)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24

total: 15.3%

male: 9.5%

female: 24.8% (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 96

NOTE: The information regarding Belize on this page is re-published from the 2021 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Belize 2021 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Belize 2021 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 16 Dec 23, Copyright © 2023 ITA all rights reserved.