Canada People - 2021


SOURCE: 2021 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES  Spanish Simplified Chinese French German Russian Hindi Arabic Portuguese

Population

37,943,231 (July 2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 38

Nationality

noun: Canadian(s)

adjective: Canadian

Ethnic groups

Canadian 32.3%, English 18.3%, Scottish 13.9%, French 13.6%, Irish 13.4%, German 9.6%, Chinese 5.1%, Italian 4.6%, North American Indian 4.4%, East Indian 4%, other 51.6% (2016 est.)

note: percentages add up to more than 100% because respondents were able to identify more than one ethnic origin

Languages

English (official) 58.7%, French (official) 22%, Punjabi 1.4%, Italian 1.3%, Spanish 1.3%, German 1.3%, Cantonese 1.2%, Tagalog 1.2%, Arabic 1.1%, other 10.5% (2011 est.)

printed major-language sample:
The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information. (English)

The World Factbook, une source indispensable d'informations de base. (French)

Religions

Catholic 39% (includes Roman Catholic 38.8%, other Catholic .2%), Protestant 20.3% (includes United Church 6.1%, Anglican 5%, Baptist 1.9%, Lutheran 1.5%, Pentecostal 1.5%, Presbyterian 1.4%, other Protestant 2.9%), Orthodox 1.6%, other Christian 6.3%, Muslim 3.2%, Hindu 1.5%, Sikh 1.4%, Buddhist 1.1%, Jewish 1%, other 0.6%, none 23.9% (2011 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 15.99% (male 3,094,008/female 2,931,953)

15-24 years: 11.14% (male 2,167,013/female 2,032,064)

25-54 years: 39.81% (male 7,527,554/female 7,478,737)

55-64 years: 14.08% (male 2,624,474/female 2,682,858)

65 years and over: 18.98% (male 3,274,298/female 3,881,126) (2020 est.)

Dependency ratios

total dependency ratio: 51.2

youth dependency ratio: 23.9

elderly dependency ratio: 27.4

potential support ratio: 3.7 (2020 est.)

Median age

total: 41.8 years

male: 40.6 years

female: 42.9 years (2020 est.)

country comparison to the world: 40

Population growth rate

0.77% (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 127

Birth rate

10.21 births/1,000 population (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 190

Death rate

8.08 deaths/1,000 population (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 84

Net migration rate

5.55 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 19

Population distribution

vast majority of Canadians are positioned in a discontinuous band within approximately 300 km of the southern border with the United States; the most populated province is Ontario, followed by Quebec and British Columbia

Urbanization

urban population: 81.7% of total population (2021)

rate of urbanization: 0.95% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)

Major urban areas - population

6.255 million Toronto, 4.247 million Montreal, 2.606 million Vancouver, 1.581 million Calgary, 1.491 million Edmonton, 1.408 million OTTAWA (capital) (2021)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.84 male(s)/female

total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2020 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth

29.4 years (2019 est.)

Maternal mortality rate

10 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 145

Infant mortality rate

total: 4.44 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 4.73 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 4.14 deaths/1,000 live births (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 184

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 83.62 years

male: 81.32 years

female: 86.03 years (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 6

Total fertility rate

1.57 children born/woman (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 192

Drinking water source

improved: urban: 100% of population

rural: 98.9% of population

total: 100% of population

unimproved: urban: 0% of population

rural: 1.1% of population

total: 0% of population (2017 est.)

Current Health Expenditure

10.8% (2018)

Physicians density

2.31 physicians/1,000 population (2016)

Hospital bed density

2.5 beds/1,000 population (2017)

Sanitation facility access

improved: urban: 100% of population

rural: 98.7% of population

total: 100% of population

unimproved: urban: 0% of population

rural: 1.3% of population

total: 0% of population (2017 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate

N/A

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS

N/A

HIV/AIDS - deaths

N/A

Obesity - adult prevalence rate

29.4% (2016)

country comparison to the world: 26

Education expenditures

5.3% of GDP (2011)

country comparison to the world: 44

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)

total: 16 years

male: 16 years

female: 17 years (2018)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24

total: 20.2%

male: 20.9%

female: 19.4% (2020 est.)

country comparison to the world: 71

NOTE: The information regarding Canada on this page is re-published from the 2021 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Canada 2021 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Canada 2021 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 16 Dec 23, Copyright © 2023 ITA all rights reserved.