Estonia Military - 2021


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Military and security forces

Estonian Defense Forces: Land Forces, Navy, Air Force, Estonian Defence League (Reserves); Ministry of Interior: Border Guards (2021)

Military expenditures

2.3% of GDP (2021 est.)

2.33% of GDP (2020 est.)

2.03% of GDP (2019)

2.01% of GDP (2018)

2.01% of GDP (2017)

Military and security service personnel strengths

the Estonian Defense Forces have approximately 6,500 active duty personnel (2021)

Military equipment inventories and acquisitions

the Estonian Defense Forces have a limited inventory of Soviet-era and more recently acquired modern weapons systems, largely from France and the Netherlands (2020)

Military deployments

approximately 100 Mali (Operation Barkhane/MINUSMA/EUTM) (2021)

Military service age and obligation

18-27 for compulsory military or governmental service, conscript service requirement 8-11 months depending on education; NCOs, reserve officers, and specialists serve 11 months (2019)

Military - note

Estonia officially became a member of NATO in 2004

NOTE: The information regarding Estonia on this page is re-published from the 2021 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Estonia 2021 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Estonia 2021 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 16 Dec 23, Copyright © 2023 ITA all rights reserved.