Eswatini Military - 2021


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Military and security forces

Umbutfo Eswatini Defense Force (UEDF): Army (includes a small air wing) (2020)

Military expenditures

1.8% of GDP (2019 est.)

1.9% of GDP (2018 est.)

1.9% of GDP (2017 est.)

2% of GDP (2016 est.)

1.8% of GDP (2015 est.)

Military and security service personnel strengths

the Umbutfo Eswatini Defense Force has approximately 3,000 active personnel (2020)

Military equipment inventories and acquisitions

the UEDF is lightly armed with mostly South African weapons and equipment; the only publicly recorded military acquisitions since 2010 were two secondhand utility helicopters from Taiwan that were delivered in 2020 (2021)

Military service age and obligation

18-30 years of age for male and female voluntary military service; no conscription; compulsory HIV testing required, only HIV-negative applicants accepted (2019)

NOTE: The information regarding Eswatini on this page is re-published from the 2021 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Eswatini 2021 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Eswatini 2021 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 16 Dec 23, Copyright © 2023 ITA all rights reserved.