France People - 2021


SOURCE: 2021 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES  Spanish Simplified Chinese French German Russian Hindi Arabic Portuguese

Population

68,084,217 (July 2021 est.)

note: the above figure is for metropolitan France and five overseas regions; the metropolitan France population is 62,814,233

country comparison to the world: 21

Nationality

noun: Frenchman(men), Frenchwoman(women)

adjective: French

Ethnic groups

Celtic and Latin with Teutonic, Slavic, North African, Indochinese, Basque minorities

note: overseas departments: Black, White, Mulatto, East Indian, Chinese, Amerindian

Languages

French (official) 100%, declining regional dialects and languages (Provencal, Breton, Alsatian, Corsican, Catalan, Basque, Flemish, Occitan, Picard); note - overseas departments: French, Creole patois, Mahorian (a Swahili dialect)

printed major-language sample:
The World Factbook, une source indispensable d'informations de base. (French)

The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information.

Religions

Christian (overwhelmingly Roman Catholic) 63-66%, Muslim 7-9%, Buddhist 0.5-0.75%, Jewish 0.5-0.75%, other 0.5-1.0%, none 23-28% (2015 est.)

note: France maintains a tradition of secularism and has not officially collected data on religious affiliation since the 1872 national census, which complicates assessments of France's religious composition; an 1872 law prohibiting state authorities from collecting data on individuals' ethnicity or religious beliefs was reaffirmed by a 1978 law emphasizing the prohibition of the collection or exploitation of personal data revealing an individual's race, ethnicity, or political, philosophical, or religious opinions; a 1905 law codified France's separation of church and state

Age structure

0-14 years: 18.36% (male 6,368,767/female 6,085,318)

15-24 years: 11.88% (male 4,122,981/female 3,938,938)

25-54 years: 36.83% (male 12,619,649/female 12,366,120)

55-64 years: 12.47% (male 4,085,564/female 4,376,272)

65 years and over: 20.46% (male 6,029,303/female 7,855,244) (2020 est.)

Dependency ratios

total dependency ratio: 62.4

youth dependency ratio: 28.7

elderly dependency ratio: 33.7

potential support ratio: 3 (2020 est.)

Median age

total: 41.7 years

male: 40 years

female: 43.4 years (2020 est.)

country comparison to the world: 43

Population growth rate

0.33% (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 168

Birth rate

11.77 births/1,000 population (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 163

Death rate

9.58 deaths/1,000 population (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 43

Net migration rate

1.06 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 60

Population distribution

much of the population is concentrated in the north and southeast; although there are many urban agglomerations throughout the country, Paris is by far the largest city, with Lyon ranked a distant second

Urbanization

urban population: 81.2% of total population (2021)

rate of urbanization: 0.67% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)

Major urban areas - population

11.079 million PARIS (capital), 1.734 million Lyon, 1.614 million Marseille-Aix-en-Provence, 1.068 million Lille, 1.037 million Toulouse, 980,000 Bordeaux (2021)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 0.93 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female

total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2020 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth

28.8 years (2019 est.)

Maternal mortality rate

8 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 151

Infant mortality rate

total: 3.19 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 3.57 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 2.79 deaths/1,000 live births (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 209

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 82.39 years

male: 79.31 years

female: 85.61 years (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 20

Total fertility rate

2.04 children born/woman (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 105

Contraceptive prevalence rate

78.4% (2010/11)

Drinking water source

improved: urban: 100% of population

rural: 100% of population

total: 100% of population

unimproved: urban: 0% of population

rural: 0% of population

total: 0% of population (2017 est.)

Current Health Expenditure

11.3% (2018)

Physicians density

3.27 physicians/1,000 population (2018)

Hospital bed density

6 beds/1,000 population (2017)

Sanitation facility access

improved: urban: 100% of population

rural: 100% of population

total: 100% of population

unimproved: urban: 0% of population

rural: 0% of population

total: 0% of population (2017 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate

0.3% (2019 est.)

country comparison to the world: 81

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS

190,000 (2019 est.)

country comparison to the world: 31

HIV/AIDS - deaths

Major infectious diseases

note: widespread ongoing transmission of a respiratory illness caused by the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) is occurring throughout France; as of 19 July 2021, France has reported a total of 5,753,579 cases of COVID-19 or 8,846.3 cumulative cases of COVID-19 per 100,000 population with 169.92 cumulative deaths per 100,000 population; as of 19 July 2021, 55.97% of the population has received at least one dose of COVID-19 vaccine

Obesity - adult prevalence rate

21.6% (2016)

country comparison to the world: 87

Education expenditures

5.5% of GDP (2017)

country comparison to the world: 34

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)

total: 16 years

male: 16 years

female: 16 years (2018)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24

total: 19.6%

male: 20.8%

female: 18.2% (2019 est.)

country comparison to the world: 75

NOTE: The information regarding France on this page is re-published from the 2021 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of France 2021 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about France 2021 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 16 Dec 23, Copyright © 2023 ITA all rights reserved.