Gaza Strip People - 2021


GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES  Spanish Simplified Chinese French German Russian Hindi Arabic Portuguese


1,957,062 (July 2021 est.)


noun: NA

adjective: NA

Ethnic groups

Palestinian Arab


Arabic, Hebrew (spoken by many Palestinians), English (widely understood)

printed major-language sample:
كتاب حقائق العالم، المصدر الذي لا يمكن الاستغناء عنه للمعلومات الأساسية (Arabic)

The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information.


Muslim 98.0 - 99.0% (predominantly Sunni), Christian
note: dismantlement of Israeli settlements was completed in September 2005; Gaza has had no Jewish population since then

Age structure

0-14 years: 42.53% (male 418,751/female 397,013)

15-24 years: 21.67% (male 210,240/female 205,385)

25-54 years: 29.47% (male 275,976/female 289,277)

55-64 years: 3.66% (male 36,409/female 33,731)

65 years and over: 2.68% (male 27,248/female 24,191) (2020 est.)

Dependency ratios

total dependency ratio: 71.2

youth dependency ratio: 65.7

elderly dependency ratio: 5.5

potential support ratio: 18.2 (2020 est.)

note: data represent Gaza Strip and the West Bank

Median age

total: 18 years

male: 17.7 years

female: 18.4 years (2020 est.)

Population growth rate

2.05% (2021 est.)

Birth rate

28.1 births/1,000 population (2021 est.)

Death rate

2.94 deaths/1,000 population (2021 est.)

Net migration rate

-4.65 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

Population distribution

population concentrated in major cities, particularly Gaza City in the north


urban population: 77% of total population (2021)

rate of urbanization: 2.85% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)

note: data represent Gaza Strip and the West Bank

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1.02 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 0.95 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 1.08 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 1.13 male(s)/female

total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2020 est.)

Maternal mortality rate

27 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

note: data represent Gaza Strip and the West Bank

Infant mortality rate

total: 15.6 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 16.8 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 14.32 deaths/1,000 live births (2021 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 75.14 years

male: 73.38 years

female: 77 years (2021 est.)

Total fertility rate

3.54 children born/woman (2021 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

57.3% (2019/20)

note:  includes Gaza Strip and West Bank

Drinking water source

improved: urban: 97.1% of population

rural: 97.1% of population

total: 96.8% of population

unimproved: urban: 2.9% of population

rural: 2.9% of population

total: 3.2% of population (2017 est.)

note: includes Gaza Strip and the West Bank

Physicians density

2.77 physicians/1,000 population (2018)

Hospital bed density

1.3 beds/1,000 population (2018)

Sanitation facility access

improved: urban: 100% of population

rural: 99.3% of population

total: 99.8% of population

unimproved: urban: 0% of population

rural: 0.7% of population

total: 0.2% of population (2017 est.)

note: note includes Gaza Strip and the West Bank

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate


HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS


HIV/AIDS - deaths


Children under the age of 5 years underweight

2.1% (2019/20)

note: estimate is for Gaza Strip and the West Bank

Education expenditures

5.3% of GDP (2017)

note: includes Gaza Strip and the West Bank


definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 97.2%

male: 98.7%

female: 95.7% (2018)

note: estimates are for Gaza and the West Bank

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)

total: 13 years

male: 13 years

female: 14 years (2013)

note: data represent Gaza Strip and the West Bank

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24

total: 40.2%

male: 34.8%

female: 67.2% (2019 est.)

note: includes the West Bank

NOTE: The information regarding Gaza Strip on this page is re-published from the 2021 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Gaza Strip 2021 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Gaza Strip 2021 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 16 Dec 23, Copyright © 2023 ITA all rights reserved.