Germany People - 2021


SOURCE: 2021 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES  Spanish Simplified Chinese French German Russian Hindi Arabic Portuguese

Population

79,903,481 (July 2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 19

Nationality

noun: German(s)

adjective: German

Ethnic groups

German 86.3%, Turkish 1.8%, Polish 1%, Syrian 1%, Romanian 1%, other/stateless/unspecified 8.9% (2020 est.)

note:  data represent population by nationality

Languages

German (official); note - Danish, Frisian, Sorbian, and Romani are official minority languages; Low German, Danish, North Frisian, Sater Frisian, Lower Sorbian, Upper Sorbian, and Romani are recognized as regional languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages

printed major-language sample:
Das World Factbook, die unverzichtbare Quelle für grundlegende Informationen. (German)

The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information.

Religions

Roman Catholic 27.1%, Protestant 24.9%, Muslim 5.2%, Orthodox 2%, other Christian 1%, other 1%, none 38.8% (2019 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 12.89% (male 5,302,850/female 5,025,863)

15-24 years: 9.81% (male 4,012,412/female 3,854,471)

25-54 years: 38.58% (male 15,553,328/female 15,370,417)

55-64 years: 15.74% (male 6,297,886/female 6,316,024)

65 years and over: 22.99% (male 8,148,873/female 10,277,538) (2020 est.)

Dependency ratios

total dependency ratio: 55.4

youth dependency ratio: 21.7

elderly dependency ratio: 33.7

potential support ratio: 3 (2020 est.)

Median age

total: 47.8 years

male: 46.5 years

female: 49.1 years (2020 est.)

country comparison to the world: 4

Population growth rate

-0.21% (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 209

Birth rate

8.63 births/1,000 population (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 212

Death rate

12.22 deaths/1,000 population (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 13

Net migration rate

1.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 54

Population distribution

most populous country in Europe; a fairly even distribution throughout most of the country, with urban areas attracting larger and denser populations, particularly in the far western part of the industrial state of North Rhine-Westphalia

Urbanization

urban population: 77.5% of total population (2021)

rate of urbanization: 0.13% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)

Major urban areas - population

3.567 million BERLIN (capital), 1.789 million Hamburg, 1.553 million Munich, 1.129 million Cologne, 785,000 Frankfurt (2021)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 1 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female

total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2020 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth

29.8 years (2019 est.)

Maternal mortality rate

7 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 154

Infant mortality rate

total: 3.24 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 3.61 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 2.84 deaths/1,000 live births (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 208

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 81.3 years

male: 78.93 years

female: 83.8 years (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 37

Total fertility rate

1.48 children born/woman (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 206

Contraceptive prevalence rate

67% (2018)

note: percent of women aged 18-49

Drinking water source

improved: urban: 100% of population

rural: 100% of population

total: 100% of population

unimproved: urban: 0% of population

rural: 0% of population

total: 0% of population (2017 est.)

Current Health Expenditure

11.4% (2018)

Physicians density

4.25 physicians/1,000 population (2017)

Hospital bed density

8 beds/1,000 population (2017)

Sanitation facility access

improved: urban: 100% of population

rural: 100% of population

total: 100% of population

unimproved: urban: 0% of population

rural: 0% of population

total: 0% of population (2017 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate

0.1% (2020 est.)

country comparison to the world: 124

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS

93,000 (2020 est.)

note: estimate does not include children

country comparison to the world: 46

HIV/AIDS - deaths


note: estimate does not include children

Obesity - adult prevalence rate

22.3% (2016)

country comparison to the world: 79

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

0.5% (2014/17)

country comparison to the world: 127

Education expenditures

4.9% of GDP (2017)

country comparison to the world: 64

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)

total: 17 years

male: 17 years

female: 17 years (2018)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24

total: 5.8%

male: 6.6%

female: 4.8% (2019 est.)

country comparison to the world: 160

NOTE: The information regarding Germany on this page is re-published from the 2021 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Germany 2021 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Germany 2021 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 16 Dec 23, Copyright © 2023 ITA all rights reserved.