Puerto Rico People - 2021


GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES  Spanish Simplified Chinese French German Russian Hindi Arabic Portuguese


3,142,779 (July 2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 135


noun: Puerto Rican(s) (US citizens)

adjective: Puerto Rican

Ethnic groups

White 75.8%, Black/African American 12.4%, other 8.5% (includes American Indian, Alaskan Native, Native Hawaiian, other Pacific Islander, and others), mixed 3.3% (2010 est.)

note: 99% of the population is Latino


Spanish, English

printed major-language sample:
La Libreta Informativa del Mundo, la fuente indispensable de información básica. (Spanish)

The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information.


Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant and other 15%

Age structure

0-14 years: 14.22% (male 231,406/female 222,061)

15-24 years: 12.78% (male 207,169/female 200,373)

25-54 years: 37.73% (male 573,114/female 630,276)

55-64 years: 13.5% (male 197,438/female 232,931)

65 years and over: 21.77% (male 297,749/female 396,551) (2020 est.)

Dependency ratios

total dependency ratio: 57.7

youth dependency ratio: 24.8

elderly dependency ratio: 32.8

potential support ratio: 3 (2020 est.)

Median age

total: 43.6 years

male: 41.6 years

female: 45.3 years (2020 est.)

country comparison to the world: 25

Population growth rate

-1.46% (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 235

Birth rate

7.9 births/1,000 population (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 221

Death rate

9.53 deaths/1,000 population (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 44

Net migration rate

-13 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 226

Population distribution

population clusters tend to be found along the coast, the largest of these is found in and around San Juan; an exception to this is a sizeable population located in the interior of the island immediately south of the capital around Caguas; most of the interior, particularly in the western half of the island, is dominated by the Cordillera Central mountains, where population density is low


urban population: 93.6% of total population (2021)

rate of urbanization: -0.12% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)

Major urban areas - population

2.445 million SAN JUAN (capital) (2021)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 0.91 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 0.85 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female

total population: 0.9 male(s)/female (2020 est.)

Maternal mortality rate

21 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 123

Infant mortality rate

total: 6.16 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 6.73 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 5.55 deaths/1,000 live births (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 171

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 81.47 years

male: 78.23 years

female: 84.89 years (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 34

Total fertility rate

1.23 children born/woman (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 222

Drinking water source

improved: total: 97% of population

unimproved: total: 0% of population (2017 est.)

Physicians density

3.06 physicians/1,000 population (2018)

Sanitation facility access

improved: total: 97.2% of population

unimproved: total: 2.8% of population (2017 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate


HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS


HIV/AIDS - deaths


Education expenditures

6.1% of GDP (2014)

country comparison to the world: 26


definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 92.4%

male: 92.4%

female: 92.4% (2017)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)

total: 16 years

male: 15 years

female: 18 years (2018)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24

total: 26.6%

male: 28.9%

female: 23.1% (2012 est.)

country comparison to the world: 44

NOTE: The information regarding Puerto Rico on this page is re-published from the 2021 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Puerto Rico 2021 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Puerto Rico 2021 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 16 Dec 23, Copyright © 2023 ITA all rights reserved.