San Marino Geography - 2021


GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES  Spanish Simplified Chinese French German Russian Hindi Arabic Portuguese


Southern Europe, an enclave in central Italy

Geographic coordinates

43 46 N, 12 25 E

Map references



total: 61 sq km

land: 61 sq km

water: 0 sq km

Area - comparative

about one-third the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries

total: 37 km

border countries (1): Italy 37 km


0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims

none (landlocked)


Mediterranean; mild to cool winters; warm, sunny summers


rugged mountains


highest point: Monte Titano 739 m

lowest point: Torrente Ausa 55 m

Natural resources

building stone

Land use

agricultural land: 16.7% (2018 est.)

arable land: 16.7% (2018 est.)

permanent crops: 0% (2018 est.)

permanent pasture: 0% (2018 est.)

forest: 0% (2018 est.)

other: 83.3% (2018 est.)

Irrigated land

0 sq km (2012)

Natural hazards

occasional earthquakes

Environment - international agreements

party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Climate Change-Paris Agreement, Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban, Desertification, Endangered Species, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution

Geography - note

landlocked; an enclave of (completely surrounded by) Italy; smallest independent state in Europe after the Holy See and Monaco; dominated by the Apennine Mountains

NOTE: The information regarding San Marino on this page is re-published from the 2021 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of San Marino 2021 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about San Marino 2021 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 16 Dec 23, Copyright © 2023 ITA all rights reserved.