Tajikistan People - 2021


SOURCE: 2021 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES  Spanish Simplified Chinese French German Russian Hindi Arabic Portuguese

Population

8,990,874 (July 2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 96

Nationality

noun: Tajikistani(s)

adjective: Tajikistani

Ethnic groups

Tajik 84.3% (includes Pamiri and Yagnobi), Uzbek 13.8%, other 2% (includes Kyrgyz, Russian, Turkmen, Tatar, Arab) (2014 est.)

Languages

Tajik (official) 84.4%, Uzbek 11.9%, Kyrgyz 0.8%, Russian 0.5%, other 2.4% (2010 est.)

printed major-language sample:
Китоби Фактҳои Ҷаҳонӣ, манбаи бебадали маълумоти асосӣ (Tajik)

note: Russian widely used in government and business

Religions

Muslim 98% (Sunni 95%, Shia 3%) other 2% (2014 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 31.43% (male 1,420,271/female 1,368,445)

15-24 years: 18.13% (male 816,658/female 792,231)

25-54 years: 40.58% (male 1,789,271/female 1,811,566)

55-64 years: 6.23% (male 253,862/female 299,378)

65 years and over: 3.63% (male 132,831/female 189,156) (2020 est.)

Dependency ratios

total dependency ratio: 67.9

youth dependency ratio: 62.6

elderly dependency ratio: 5.3

potential support ratio: 18.7 (2020 est.)

Median age

total: 25.3 years

male: 24.6 years

female: 26 years (2020 est.)

country comparison to the world: 162

Population growth rate

1.44% (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 68

Birth rate

21.22 births/1,000 population (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 68

Death rate

5.78 deaths/1,000 population (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 170

Net migration rate

-1.05 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 145

Population distribution

the country's population is concentrated at lower elevations, with perhaps as much as 90% of the people living in valleys; overall density increases from east to west

Urbanization

urban population: 27.7% of total population (2021)

rate of urbanization: 2.73% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)

Major urban areas - population

938,000 DUSHANBE (capital) (2021)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 0.85 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/female

total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2020 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth

21.9 years (2017 est.)

note: median age at first birth among women 25-49

Maternal mortality rate

17 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 132

Infant mortality rate

total: 33.05 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 37.8 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 28.06 deaths/1,000 live births (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 53

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 69.06 years

male: 65.91 years

female: 72.38 years (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 178

Total fertility rate

2.48 children born/woman (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 72

Contraceptive prevalence rate

29.3% (2017)

Drinking water source

improved: urban: 96.2% of population

rural: 78.6% of population

total: 83.5% of population

unimproved: urban: 3.8% of population

rural: 21.4% of population

total: 16.5% of population (2017 est.)

Current Health Expenditure

7.2% (2018)

Physicians density

2.1 physicians/1,000 population (2014)

Hospital bed density

4.7 beds/1,000 population (2014)

Sanitation facility access

improved: urban: 99.7% of population

rural: 99.3% of population

total: 99.4% of population

unimproved: urban: 0.3% of population

rural: 0.7% of population

total: 2% of population (2017 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate

0.2% (2020 est.)

country comparison to the world: 115

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS

14,000 (2020 est.)

country comparison to the world: 95

HIV/AIDS - deaths

Major infectious diseases

degree of risk: high (2020)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever

vectorborne diseases: malaria

Obesity - adult prevalence rate

14.2% (2016)

country comparison to the world: 128

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

7.6% (2017)

country comparison to the world: 66

Education expenditures

5.2% of GDP (2015)

country comparison to the world: 52

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 99.8%

male: 99.8%

female: 99.7% (2015)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)

total: 11 years

male: 12 years

female: 11 years (2013)

NOTE: The information regarding Tajikistan on this page is re-published from the 2021 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Tajikistan 2021 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Tajikistan 2021 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 16 Dec 23, Copyright © 2023 ITA all rights reserved.