United States People - 2021


SOURCE: 2021 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES  Spanish Simplified Chinese French German Russian Hindi Arabic Portuguese

Population

334,998,398 (July 2021 est.)

note: the US Census Bureau's 2020 census results show the US population as 331,449,281 as of 1 April 2020

country comparison to the world: 3

Nationality

noun: American(s)

adjective: American

Ethnic groups

White 72.4%, Black 12.6%, Asian 4.8%, Amerindian and Alaska Native 0.9%, Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.2%, other 6.2%, two or more races 2.9% (2010 est.)

note: a separate listing for Hispanic is not included because the US Census Bureau considers Hispanic to mean persons of Spanish/Hispanic/Latino origin including those of Mexican, Cuban, Puerto Rican, Dominican Republic, Spanish, and Central or South American origin living in the US who may be of any race or ethnic group (White, Black, Asian, etc.); an estimated 16.3% of the total US population is Hispanic as of 2010

Languages

English only 78.2%, Spanish 13.4%, Chinese 1.1%, other 7.3% (2017 est.)

note: data represent the language spoken at home; the US has no official national language, but English has acquired official status in 32 of the 50 states; Hawaiian is an official language in the state of Hawaii, and 20 indigenous languages are official in Alaska

Religions

Protestant 46.5%, Roman Catholic 20.8%, Jewish 1.9%, Mormon 1.6%, other Christian 0.9%, Muslim 0.9%, Jehovah's Witness 0.8%, Buddhist 0.7%, Hindu 0.7%, other 1.8%, unaffiliated 22.8%, don't know/refused 0.6% (2014 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 18.46% (male 31,374,555/female 30,034,371)

15-24 years: 12.91% (male 21,931,368/female 21,006,463)

25-54 years: 38.92% (male 64,893,670/female 64,564,565)

55-64 years: 12.86% (male 20,690,736/female 22,091,808)

65 years and over: 16.85% (male 25,014,147/female 31,037,419) (2020 est.)

Dependency ratios

total dependency ratio: 53.9

youth dependency ratio: 28.3

elderly dependency ratio: 25.6

potential support ratio: 3.9 (2020 est.)

Median age

total: 38.5 years

male: 37.2 years

female: 39.8 years (2020 est.)

country comparison to the world: 61

Population growth rate

0.7% (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 136

Birth rate

12.33 births/1,000 population (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 155

Death rate

8.35 deaths/1,000 population (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 74

Net migration rate

3.03 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 37

Population distribution

large urban clusters are spread throughout the eastern half of the US (particularly the Great Lakes area, northeast, east, and southeast) and the western tier states; mountainous areas, principally the Rocky Mountains and Appalachian chain, deserts in the southwest, the dense boreal forests in the extreme north, and the central prarie states are less densely populated; Alaska's population is concentrated along its southern coast - with particular emphasis on the city of Anchorage - and Hawaii's is centered on the island of Oahu

Urbanization

urban population: 82.9% of total population (2021)

rate of urbanization: 0.96% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)

Major urban areas - population

18.823 million New York-Newark, 12.459 million Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, 8.877 million Chicago, 6.491 million Houston, 6.397 million Dallas-Fort Worth, 5.378 million WASHINGTON, D.C. (capital) (2021)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female NA

0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female

total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2020 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth

27 years (2019 est.)

Maternal mortality rate

19 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 129

Infant mortality rate

total: 5.22 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 5.61 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 4.81 deaths/1,000 live births (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 176

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 80.43 years

male: 78.18 years

female: 82.65 years (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 46

Total fertility rate

1.84 children born/woman (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 140

Contraceptive prevalence rate

73.9% (2017/19)

Drinking water source

improved: urban: 100% of population

rural: 97% of population

total: 99% of population

unimproved: urban: 0% of population

rural: 3% of population

total: 1% of population (2017 est.)

Current Health Expenditure

16.9% (2018)

Physicians density

2.61 physicians/1,000 population (2017)

Sanitation facility access

improved: urban: 100% of population

rural: 100% of population

total: 100% of population

unimproved: urban: 0% of population

rural: 0% of population

total: 0% of population (2017 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate

N/A

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS

N/A

HIV/AIDS - deaths

N/A

Obesity - adult prevalence rate

36.2% (2016)

country comparison to the world: 12

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

0.4% (2017/18)

country comparison to the world: 130

Education expenditures

5% of GDP (2014)

country comparison to the world: 61

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)

total: 16 years

male: 16 years

female: 17 years (2018)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24

total: 14.9%

male: 15%

female: 14.8% (2020 est.)

country comparison to the world: 99

NOTE: The information regarding United States on this page is re-published from the 2021 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of United States 2021 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about United States 2021 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

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