Yemen People - 2021


SOURCE: 2021 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES  Spanish Simplified Chinese French German Russian Hindi Arabic Portuguese

Population

30,399,243 (July 2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 49

Nationality

noun: Yemeni(s)

adjective: Yemeni

Ethnic groups

predominantly Arab; but also Afro-Arab, South Asian, European

Languages

Arabic (official); note - a distinct Socotri language is widely used on Socotra Island and Archipelago; Mahri is still fairly widely spoken in eastern Yemen

printed major-language sample:
كتاب حقائق العالم، المصدر الذي لا يمكن الاستغناء عنه للمعلومات الأساسية (Arabic)

The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information.

Religions

Muslim 99.1% (official; virtually all are citizens, an estimated 65% are Sunni and 35% are Shia), other 0.9% (includes Jewish, Baha'i, Hindu, and Christian; many are refugees or temporary foreign residents) (2020 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 39.16% (male 5,711,709 /female 5,513,526)

15-24 years: 21.26% (male 3,089,817 /female 3,005,693)

25-54 years: 32.78% (male 4,805,059 /female 4,591,811)

55-64 years: 4% (male 523,769 /female 623,100)

65 years and over: 2.8% (male 366,891 /female 435,855) (2018 est.)

Dependency ratios

total dependency ratio: 71.7

youth dependency ratio: 66.7

elderly dependency ratio: 5

potential support ratio: 19.9 (2020 est.)

Median age

total: 19.8 years (2018 est.)

male: 19.6 years

female: 19.9 years

country comparison to the world: 198

Population growth rate

1.93% (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 45

Birth rate

25.21 births/1,000 population (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 47

Death rate

5.69 deaths/1,000 population (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 174

Net migration rate

-0.19 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 105

Population distribution

the vast majority of the population is found in the Asir Mountains (part of the larger Sarawat Mountain system), located in the far western region of the country

Urbanization

urban population: 38.5% of total population (2021)

rate of urbanization: 3.71% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major urban areas - population

3.075 million SANAA (capital), 1.012 million Aden (2021)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 0.84 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.84 male(s)/female

total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2018 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth

20.8 years (2013 est.)

note: median age at first birth among women 25-49

Maternal mortality rate

164 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 54

Infant mortality rate

total: 47.56 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 52.95 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 41.91 deaths/1,000 live births (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 29

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 67.18 years

male: 64.89 years

female: 69.59 years (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 186

Total fertility rate

3.1 children born/woman (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 47

Contraceptive prevalence rate

33.5% (2013)

Drinking water source

improved: urban: 100% of population

rural: 87.6% of population

total: 92% of population

unimproved: urban: 0% of population

rural: 12.4% of population

total: 8% of population (2017 est.)

Current Health Expenditure

5.6% (2015)

Physicians density

0.53 physicians/1,000 population (2014)

Hospital bed density

0.7 beds/1,000 population (2017)

Sanitation facility access

improved: urban: 93.1% of population

rural: 48.5% of population

total: 64.6% of population

unimproved: urban: 6.9% of population

rural: 51.5% of population

total: 35.4% of population (2017 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate

<.1 est.>

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS

11,000 (2020 est.)

country comparison to the world: 102

HIV/AIDS - deaths

Major infectious diseases

degree of risk: high (2020)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis

Obesity - adult prevalence rate

17.1% (2016)

country comparison to the world: 120

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

39.9% (2013)

country comparison to the world: 1

Education expenditures

N/A

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 70.1%

male: 85.1%

female: 55% (2015)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)

total: 9 years

male: 11 years

female: 8 years (2011)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24

total: 24.5%

male: 23.5%

female: 34.6% (2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 58

NOTE: The information regarding Yemen on this page is re-published from the 2021 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Yemen 2021 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Yemen 2021 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 16 Dec 23, Copyright © 2023 ITA all rights reserved.