Liechtenstein Geography - 2022


GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES  Spanish Simplified Chinese French German Russian Hindi Arabic Portuguese


Central Europe, between Austria and Switzerland

Geographic coordinates

47 16 N, 9 32 E

Map references



total: 160 sq km

land: 160 sq km

water: 0 sq km

Area - comparative

about 0.9 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries

total: 75 km

border countries (2): Austria 34 km; Switzerland 41 km


0 km (doubly landlocked)

Maritime claims

none (landlocked)


continental; cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow or rain; cool to moderately warm, cloudy, humid summers


mostly mountainous (Alps) with Rhine Valley in western third


highest point: Vorder-Grauspitz 2,599 m

lowest point: Ruggeller Riet 430 m

Natural resources

hydroelectric potential, arable land

Land use

agricultural land: 37.6% (2018 est.)

arable land: 18.8% (2018 est.)

permanent crops: 0% (2018 est.)

permanent pasture: 18.8% (2018 est.)

forest: 43.1% (2018 est.)

other: 19.3% (2018 est.)

Irrigated land

0 sq km (2012)

Major watersheds (area sq km)

Atlantic Ocean drainage: Rhine-Maas (198,735 sq km)

Population distribution

most of the population is found in the western half of the country along the Rhine River

Natural hazards

avalanches, landslides

Geography - note

along with Uzbekistan, one of only two doubly landlocked countries in the world; variety of microclimatic variations based on elevation

NOTE: The information regarding Liechtenstein on this page is re-published from the 2022 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Liechtenstein 2022 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Liechtenstein 2022 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 01 Dec 23, Copyright © 23 ITA all rights reserved.