United States People - 2023


GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES  Spanish Simplified Chinese French German Russian Hindi Arabic Portuguese


339,665,118 (2023 est.)

note: the US Census Bureau's 2020 census results show the US population as 331,449,281 as of 1 April 2020


noun: American(s)

adjective: American

Ethnic groups

White 61.6%, Black or African American 12.4%, Asian 6%, Amerindian and Alaska native 1.1%, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 0.2%, other 8.4%, two or more races 10.2% (2020 est.)

note: a separate listing for Hispanic is not included because the US Census Bureau considers Hispanic to mean persons of Spanish/Hispanic/Latino origin including those of Mexican, Cuban, Puerto Rican, Dominican Republic, Spanish, and Central or South American origin living in the US who may be of any race or ethnic group (White, Black, Asian, etc.); an estimated 18.7% of the total US population is Hispanic as of 2020


English only 78.2%, Spanish 13.4%, Chinese 1.1%, other 7.3% (2017 est.)

note: data represent the language spoken at home; the US has no official national language, but English has acquired official status in 32 of the 50 states; Hawaiian is an official language in the state of Hawaii, and 20 indigenous languages are official in Alaska


Protestant 46.5%, Roman Catholic 20.8%, Jewish 1.9%, Church of Jesus Christ 1.6%, other Christian 0.9%, Muslim 0.9%, Jehovah's Witness 0.8%, Buddhist 0.7%, Hindu 0.7%, other 1.8%, unaffiliated 22.8%, don't know/refused 0.6% (2014 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 18.15% (male 31,509,186/female 30,154,408)

15-64 years: 63.72% (male 108,346,275/female 108,100,830)

65 years and over: 18.12% (2023 est.) (male 27,589,149/female 33,965,270)

Dependency ratios

total dependency ratio: 53.7

youth dependency ratio: 28

elderly dependency ratio: 25.6

potential support ratio: 3.9 (2021 est.)

Median age

total: 38.5 years

male: 37.2 years

female: 39.8 years (2020 est.)

Population growth rate

0.68% (2023 est.)

Birth rate

12.21 births/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Death rate

8.42 deaths/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Net migration rate

3.01 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Population distribution

large urban clusters are spread throughout the eastern half of the US (particularly the Great Lakes area, northeast, east, and southeast) and the western tier states; mountainous areas, principally the Rocky Mountains and Appalachian chain, deserts in the southwest, the dense boreal forests in the extreme north, and the central prarie states are less densely populated; Alaska's population is concentrated along its southern coast - with particular emphasis on the city of Anchorage - and Hawaii's is centered on the island of Oahu


urban population: 83.3% of total population (2023)

rate of urbanization: 0.96% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)

total population growth rate v. urban population growth rate, 2000-2030

Major urban areas - population

18.937 million New York-Newark, 12.534 million Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, 8.937 million Chicago, 6.707 million Houston, 6.574 million Dallas-Fort Worth, 5.490 million WASHINGTON, D.C. (capital) (2023)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female NA

0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female

total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2023 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth

27 years (2019 est.)

Maternal mortality ratio

21 deaths/100,000 live births (2020 est.)

Infant mortality rate

total: 5.12 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 5.49 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 4.73 deaths/1,000 live births (2023 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 80.75 years

male: 78.54 years

female: 82.93 years (2023 est.)

Total fertility rate

1.84 children born/woman (2023 est.)

Gross reproduction rate

0.9 (2023 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

73.9% (2017/19)

Drinking water source

improved: urban: 99.9% of population

rural: 99.7% of population

total: 99.9% of population

unimproved: urban: 0.1% of population

rural: 0.3% of population

total: 0.1% of population (2020 est.)

Current health expenditure

18.8% of GDP (2020)

Physicians density

2.61 physicians/1,000 population (2018)

Hospital bed density

2.9 beds/1,000 population (2017)

Sanitation facility access

improved: urban: 99.8% of population

rural: 98.9% of population

total: 99.7% of population

unimproved: urban: 0.2% of population

rural: 11.1% of population

total: 0.3% of population (2020 est.)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate

36.2% (2016)

Alcohol consumption per capita

total: 8.93 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

beer: 3.97 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

wine: 1.67 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

spirits: 3.29 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

other alcohols: 0 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

Tobacco use

total: 23% (2020 est.)

male: 28.4% (2020 est.)

female: 17.5% (2020 est.)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

0.4% (2017/18)

Currently married women (ages 15-49)

51.9% (2023 est.)

Education expenditures

6.1% of GDP (2020 est.)


total population: NA

male: NA

female: NA

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)

total: 16 years

male: 16 years

female: 17 years (2020)

Youth unemployment rate (ages 15-24)

total: 9.6%

male: 10.5%

female: 8.6% (2021 est.)

NOTE: The information regarding United States on this page is re-published from the 2023 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of United States 2023 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about United States 2023 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 06 Dec 23, Copyright © 2023 ITA all rights reserved.