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Albania Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Ionian Sea, between Greece and Serbia and Montenegro

    • Map references:
      Ethnic Groups in Eastern Europe, Europe

    • Area:

        total area:
        28,750 sq km

        land area:
        27,400 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly larger than Maryland

    • Land boundaries:
      total 720 km, Greece 282 km, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 151 km, Serbia and Montenegro 287 km (114 km with Serbia, 173 km with Montenegro)

    • Coastline:
      362 km

    • Maritime claims:

        continental shelf:
        200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      the Albanian Government supports protection of the rights of ethnic Albanians outside of its borders; Albanian majority in Kosovo seeks independence from Serbian Republic; Albanians in Macedonia claim discrimination in education, access to public sector jobs and representation in government; Albania is involved in a bilaterlal dispute with Greece over border demarcation, the treatment of Albania's ethnic Greek minority, and migrant Albanian workers in Greece

    • Climate:
      mild temperate; cool, cloudy, wet winters; hot, clear, dry summers; interior is cooler and wetter

    • Terrain:
      mostly mountains and hills; small plains along coast

    • Natural resources:
      petroleum, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, timber, nickel

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      4,230 sq km (1989)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution from industrial and domestic effluents

        natural hazards:
        destructive earthquakes; tsunami occur along southwestern coast

        international agreements:
        party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change

    • Note:
      strategic location along Strait of Otranto (links Adriatic Sea to Ionian Sea and Mediterranean Sea)

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