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Albania


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Republic of Albania

        conventional short form:
        Albania

        local long form:
        Republika e Shqiperise

        local short form:
        Shqiperia

        former:
        People's Socialist Republic of Albania

    • Digraph:
      AL

    • Type:
      emerging democracy

    • Capital:
      Tirane

    • Administrative divisions:
      26 districts (rrethe, singular - rreth); Berat, Dibre, Durres, Elbasan, Fier, Gjirokaster, Gramsh, Kolonje, Korce, Kruje, Kukes, Lezhe, Librazhd, Lushnje, Mat, Mirdite, Permet, Pogradec, Puke, Sarande, Shkoder, Skrapar, Tepelene, Tirane, Tropoje, Vlore

    • Independence:
      28 November 1912 (from Ottoman Empire)

    • National holiday:
      Independence Day, 28 November (1912)

    • Constitution:
      an interim basic law was approved by the People's Assembly on 29 April 1991; a draft constitution was rejected by popular referendum in the fall of 1994 and a new draft is pending

    • Legal system:
      has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

    • Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal and compulsory

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        President of the Republic Sali BERISHA (since 9 April 1992)

        head of government:
        Prime Minister of the Council of Ministers Aleksander Gabriel MEKSI (since 10 April 1992)

        cabinet:
        Council of Ministers; appointed by the president

    • Legislative branch:
      unicameral

        People's Assembly (Kuvendi Popullor):
        elections last held 22 March 1992; results - DP 62.29%, ASP 25.57%, SDP 4.33%, RP 3.15%, UHP 2.92%, other 1.74%; seats - (140 total) DP 92, ASP 38, SDP 7, RP 1, UHP 2

        note:
        6 members of the Democratic Party defected making the present seating in the Assembly DP 86, ASP 38, SDP 7, DAP 6, RP 1, UHP 2

    • Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court

    • Political parties and leaders:
      there are at least 28 political parties; most prominent are the Albanian Socialist Party (ASP; formerly the Albania Workers Party), Fatos NANO, first secretary; Democratic Party (DP); Albanian Republican Party (RP), Sabri GODO; Omonia (Greek minority party), Sotir QIRJAZATI, first secretary; Social Democratic Party (SDP), Skender GJINUSHI; Democratic Alliance Party (DAP), Neritan CEKA, chairman; Unity for Human Rights Party (UHP), Vasil MELO, chairman; Ecology Party (EP), Namik HOTI, chairman

    • Member of:
      BSEC, CCC, CE (guest), EBRD, ECE, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT (nonsignatory user), INTERPOL, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, NACC, OIC, OSCE, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Lublin Hasan DILJA

        chancery:
        Suite 1010, 1511 K Street NW, Washington, DC 20005

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 223-4942, 8187

        FAX:
        [1] (202) 628-7342

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Joseph E. LAKE

        embassy:
        Rruga E. Elbansanit 103, Tirane

        mailing address:
        PSC 59, Box 100 (A), APO AE 09624

        telephone:
        [355] (42) 328-75, 335-20

        FAX:
        [355] (42) 322-22

    • Flag:
      red with a black two-headed eagle in the center






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