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Austria


    • Location:
      Central Europe, north of Italy

    • Map references:
      Europe

    • Area:

        total area:
        83,850 sq km

        land area:
        82,730 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly smaller than Maine

    • Land boundaries:
      total 2,496 km, Czech Republic 362 km, Germany 784 km, Hungary 366 km, Italy 430 km, Liechtenstein 37 km, Slovakia 91 km, Slovenia 262 km, Switzerland 164 km

    • Coastline:
      0 km (landlocked)

    • Maritime claims:
      none; landlocked

    • International disputes:
      none

    • Climate:
      temperate; continental, cloudy; cold winters with frequent rain in lowlands and snow in mountains; cool summers with occasional showers

    • Terrain:
      in the west and south mostly mountains (Alps); along the eastern and northern margins mostly flat or gently sloping

    • Natural resources:
      iron ore, petroleum, timber, magnesite, aluminum, lead, coal, lignite, copper, hydropower

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        17%

        permanent crops:
        1%

        meadows and pastures:
        24%

        forest and woodland:
        39%

        other:
        19%

    • Irrigated land:
      40 sq km (1989)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        some forest degradation caused by air and soil pollution; soil pollution results from the use of agricultural chemicals; air pollution results from emissions by coal- and oil-fired power stations and industrial plants and from trucks transiting Austria between northern and southern Europe

        natural hazards:
        NA

        international agreements:
        party to - Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified - Air Pollution-Sulpher 94, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Law of the Sea, Whaling

    • Note:
      landlocked; strategic location at the crossroads of central Europe with many easily traversable Alpine passes and valleys; major river is the Danube; population is concentrated on eastern lowlands because of steep slopes, poor soils, and low temperatures elsewhere






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Revised 13-August-1997