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Austria


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Republic of Austria

        conventional short form:
        Austria

        local long form:
        Republik Oesterreich

        local short form:
        Oesterreich

    • Digraph:
      AU

    • Type:
      federal republic

    • Capital:
      Vienna

    • Administrative divisions:
      9 states (bundeslaender, singular - bundesland); Burgenland, Kaernten, Niederoesterreich, Oberoesterreich, Salzburg, Steiermark, Tirol, Vorarlberg, Wien

    • Independence:
      12 November 1918 (from Austro-Hungarian Empire)

    • National holiday:
      National Day, 26 October (1955)

    • Constitution:
      1920; revised 1929 (reinstated 1 May 1945)

    • Legal system:
      civil law system with Roman law origin; judicial review of legislative acts by a Constitutional Court; separate administrative and civil/penal supreme courts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

    • Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal; compulsory for presidential elections

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        President Thomas KLESTIL (since 8 July 1992); election last held 24 May 1992 (next to be held 1996); results of second ballot - Thomas KLESTIL 57%, Rudolf STREICHER 43%

        head of government:
        Chancellor Franz VRANITZKY (since 16 June 1986); Vice Chancellor Erhard BUSEK (since 2 July 1991)

        cabinet:
        Council of Ministers; chosen by the president on the advice of the chancellor

    • Legislative branch:
      bicameral Federal Assembly (Bundesversammlung)

        Federal Council (Bundesrat):
        consists of 63 members representing each of the provinces on the basis of population, but with each province having at least 3 representatives

        National Council (Nationalrat):
        elections last held 9 October 1994 (next to be held October 1998); results - SPOE 34.9%, OEVP 27.7%, FPOE 22.5%, Greens 7.3%, LF 6.0% other 1.6%; seats - (183 total) SPOE 65, OEVP 52, FPOE 42, Greens 13, LF 11

    • Judicial branch:
      Supreme Judicial Court (Oberster Gerichtshof) for civil and criminal cases, Administrative Court (Verwaltungsgerichtshof) for bureaucratic cases, Constitutional Court (Verfassungsgerichtshof) for constitutional cases

    • Political parties and leaders:
      Social Democratic Party of Austria (SPOE), Franz VRANITZKY, chairman; Austrian People's Party (OEVP), Erhard BUSEK, chairman; Freedom Movement (F) (was the Freedom Party of Austria, FPOE), Joerg HAIDER, chairman; Communist Party (KPOE), Walter SILBERMAYER, chairman; The Greens, Madeleine PETROVIC; Liberal Forum (LF), Heide SCHMIDT

    • Other political or pressure groups:
      Federal Chamber of Commerce and Industry; Austrian Trade Union Federation (primarily Socialist); three composite leagues of the Austrian People's Party (OEVP) representing business, labor, and farmers; OEVP-oriented League of Austrian Industrialists; Roman Catholic Church, including its chief lay organization, Catholic Action

    • Member of:
      AfDB, AG (observer), AsDB, Australia Group, BIS, CCC, CE, CEI, CERN, EBRD, ECE, EFTA, ESA, EU, FAO, G- 9, GATT, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MINURSO, MTCR, NAM (guest), NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, ONUSAL, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNAMIR, UNCTAD, UNDOF, UNESCO, UNFICYP, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIKOM, UNMIH, UNOMIL, UNOMOZ, UNTSO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Helmut TUERK

        chancery:
        3524 International Court NW, Washington, DC 20008-3035

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 895-6700

        FAX:
        [1] (202) 895-6750

        consulate(s) general:
        Chicago, Los Angeles, and New York

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Swanee G. HUNT

        chancery:
        Boltzmanngasse 16, A-1091, Vienna

        mailing address:
        use embassy street address

        telephone:
        [43] (1) 313-39

        FAX:
        [43] (1) 310-0682

        consulate(s) general:
        none (Salzburg closed September 1993)

    • Flag:
      three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and red






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