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Botswana Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Southern Africa, north of South Africa

    • Map references:

    • Area:

        total area:
        600,370 sq km

        land area:
        585,370 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly smaller than Texas

    • Land boundaries:
      total 4,013 km, Namibia 1,360 km, South Africa 1,840 km, Zimbabwe 813 km

    • Coastline:
      0 km (landlocked)

    • Maritime claims:
      none; landlocked

    • International disputes:
      short section of boundary with Namibia is indefinite; quadripoint with Namibia, Zambia, and Zimbabwe is in disagreement; dispute with Namibia over uninhabited Kasikili (Sidudu) Island in Linyanti (Chobe) River remained unresolved in mid-February 1995 and the parties agreed to refer the matter to the International Court of Justice

    • Climate:
      semiarid; warm winters and hot summers

    • Terrain:
      predominately flat to gently rolling tableland; Kalahari Desert in southwest

    • Natural resources:
      diamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash, coal, iron ore, silver

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      20 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        overgrazing, primarily as a result of the expansion of the cattle population; desertification; limited natural fresh water resources

        natural hazards:
        periodic droughts; seasonal August winds blow from the west, carrying sand and dust across the country, which can obscure visibility

        international agreements:
        party to - Climate Change, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection; signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity

    • Note:
      landlocked; population concentrated in eastern part of the country

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