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Burundi


    • Location:
      Central Africa, east of Zaire

    • Map references:
      Africa

    • Area:

        total area:
        27,830 sq km

        land area:
        25,650 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly larger than Maryland

    • Land boundaries:
      total 974 km, Rwanda 290 km, Tanzania 451 km, Zaire 233 km

    • Coastline:
      0 km (landlocked)

    • Maritime claims:
      none; landlocked

    • International disputes:
      none

    • Climate:
      temperate; warm; occasional frost in uplands; dry season from June to September

    • Terrain:
      hilly and mountainous, dropping to a plateau in east, some plains

    • Natural resources:
      nickel, uranium, rare earth oxide, peat, cobalt, copper, platinum (not yet exploited), vanadium

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        43%

        permanent crops:
        8%

        meadows and pastures:
        35%

        forest and woodland:
        2%

        other:
        12%

    • Irrigated land:
      720 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        soil erosion as a result of overgrazing and the expansion of agriculture into marginal lands; deforestation (little forested land remains because of uncontrolled cutting of trees for fuel); habitat loss threatens wildlife populations

        natural hazards:
        flooding, landslides

        international agreements:
        party to - Endangered Species; signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban

    • Note:
      landlocked; straddles crest of the Nile-Congo watershed






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