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Burundi Government 1996


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Republic of Burundi

        conventional short form:
        Burundi

        local long form:
        Republika y'u Burundi

        local short form:
        Burundi

    • Digraph:
      BY

    • Type:
      republic

    • Capital:
      Bujumbura

    • Administrative divisions:
      15 provinces; Bubanza, Bujumbura, Bururi, Cankuzo, Cibitoke, Gitega, Karuzi, Kayanza, Kirundo, Makamba, Muramvya, Muyinga, Ngozi, Rutana, Ruyigi

    • Independence:
      1 July 1962 (from UN trusteeship under Belgian administration)

    • National holiday:
      Independence Day, 1 July (1962)

    • Constitution:
      13 March 1992; provides for establishment of a plural political system

    • Legal system:
      based on German and Belgian civil codes and customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

    • Suffrage:
      universal adult at age NA

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        President Sylvestre NTIBANTUNGANYA (since September 1994)

        note:
        President Melchior NDADAYE, Burundi's first democratically elected president, died in the military coup of 21 October 1993 and was succeeded on 5 February 1994 by President Cyprien NTARYAMIRA, who was killed in a mysterious airplane explosion on 6 April 1994

        head of government:
        Prime Minister Antoine NDUWAYO (since February 1995); selected by President NTIBANTUNGANYA following the resignation of Anatole KANYENKIKO on 15 February 1995

        cabinet:
        Council of Ministers; appointed by prime minister

    • Legislative branch:
      unicameral

        National Assembly (Assemblee Nationale):
        elections last held 29 June 1993 (next to be held NA); results - FRODEBU 71%, UPRONA 21.4%; seats - (81 total) FRODEBU 65, UPRONA 16; other parties won too small shares of the vote to win seats in the assembly

        note:
        The National Unity Charter outlining the principles for constitutional government was adopted by a national referendum on 5 February 1991

    • Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court (Cour Supreme)

    • Political parties and leaders:
      Unity for National Progress (UPRONA); Burundi Democratic Front (FRODEBU); Organization of the People of Burundi (RBP); Socialist Party of Burundi (PSB); People's Reconciliation Party (PRP); opposition parties, legalized in March 1992, include Burundi African Alliance for the Salvation (ABASA); Rally for Democracy and Economic and Social Development (RADDES); and Party for National Redress (PARENA)

    • Other political or pressure groups:
      NA;

    • Member of:
      ACCT, ACP, AfDB, CCC, CEEAC, CEPGL, ECA, FAO, G-77, GATT, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, INTELSAT (nonsignatory user), INTERPOL, IOC, ISO (subscriber), ITU, NAM, OAU, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        post vacant since recall of Ambassador Jacques BACAMURWANKO in November 1994

        chancery:
        Suite 212, 2233 Wisconsin Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20007

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 342-2574

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Robert C. KRUEGER

        embassy:
        Avenue des Etats-Unis, Bujumbura

        mailing address:
        B. P. 1720, Bujumbura

        telephone:
        [257] (2) 23454

        FAX:
        [257] (2) 22926

    • Flag:
      divided by a white diagonal cross into red panels (top and bottom) and green panels (hoist side and outer side) with a white disk superimposed at the center bearing three red six-pointed stars outlined in green arranged in a triangular design (one star above, two stars below)






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