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Cape Verde Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Western Africa, group of Islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Senegal

    • Map references:

    • Area:

        total area:
        4,030 sq km

        land area:
        4,030 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly larger than Rhode Island

    • Land boundaries:
      0 km

    • Coastline:
      965 km

    • Maritime claims:
      measured from claimed archipelagic baselines

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:

    • Climate:
      temperate; warm, dry, summer; precipitation very erratic

    • Terrain:
      steep, rugged, rocky, volcanic

    • Natural resources:
      salt, basalt rock, pozzolana, limestone, kaolin, fish

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      20 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        overgrazing of livestock and improper land use such as the cultivation of crops on steep slopes has led to soil erosion; demand for wood used as fuel has resulted in deforestation; desertification; environmental damage has threatened several indigenous species of birds and reptiles; overfishing

        natural hazards:
        prolonged droughts; harmattan wind can obscure visibility; volcanically and seismically active

        international agreements:
        party to - Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban; signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification

    • Note:
      strategic location 500 km from west coast of Africa near major north-south sea routes; important communications station; important sea and air refueling site

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