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China


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        People's Republic of China

        conventional short form:
        China

        local long form:
        Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo

        local short form:
        Zhong Guo

    • Abbreviation:
      PRC

    • Digraph:
      CH

    • Type:
      Communist state

    • Capital:
      Beijing

    • Administrative divisions:
      23 provinces (sheng, singular and plural), 5 autonomous regions* (zizhiqu, singular and plural), and 3 municipalities** (shi, singular and plural); Anhui, Beijing**, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi*, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol*, Ningxia*, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanghai**, Shanxi, Sichuan, Tianjin**, Xinjiang*, Xizang* (Tibet), Yunnan, Zhejiang

        note:
        China considers Taiwan its 23rd province

    • Independence:
      221 BC (unification under the Qin or Ch'in Dynasty 221 BC; Qing or Ch'ing Dynasty replaced by the Republic on 12 February 1912; People's Republic established 1 October 1949)

    • National holiday:
      National Day, 1 October (1949)

    • Constitution:
      most recent promulgated 4 December 1982

    • Legal system:
      a complex amalgam of custom and statute, largely criminal law; rudimentary civil code in effect since 1 January 1987; new legal codes in effect since 1 January 1980; continuing efforts are being made to improve civil, administrative, criminal, and commercial law

    • Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        President JIANG Zemin (since 27 March 1993); Vice President RONG Yiren (since 27 March 1993); election last held 27 March 1993 (next to be held 1998); results - JIANG Zemin was nominally elected by the Eighth National People's Congress

        head of government:
        Premier LI Peng (Acting Premier since 24 November 1987, Premier since 9 April 1988) Vice Premier ZHU Rongji (since 8 April 1991); Vice Premier ZOU Jiahua (since 8 April 1991); Vice Premier QIAN Qichen (since 29 March 1993); Vice Premier LI Lanqing (29 March 1993); Vice Premier WU Bangguo (since 17 March 1995); Vice Premier JIANG Chunyun (since 17 March 1995)

        cabinet:
        State Council; appointed by the National People's Congress (NPC)

    • Legislative branch:
      unicameral

        National People's Congress:
        held March 1998); results - CCP is the only party but there are also independents; seats - (2,977 total) (elected at county or xian level)

    • Judicial branch:
      Supreme People's Court

    • Political parties and leaders:
      Chinese Communist Party (CCP), JIANG Zemin, general secretary of the Central Committee (since 24 June 1989); eight registered small parties controlled by CCP

    • Other political or pressure groups:
      such meaningful opposition as exists consists of loose coalitions, usually within the party and government organization, that vary by issue

    • Member of:
      AfDB, APEC, AsDB, CCC, ESCAP, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ISO, ITU, MINURSO, NAM (observer), PCA, UN, UN Security Council, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIKOM, UNITAR, UNOMIL, UNOMOZ, UNTSO, UNU, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador LI Daoyu

        chancery:
        2300 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 328-2500 through 2502

        consulate(s) general:
        Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, New York, and San Francisco

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador J. Stapleton ROY

        embassy:
        Xiu Shui Bei Jie 3, 100600 Beijing

        mailing address:
        PSC 461, Box 50, Beijing; FPO AP 96521-0002

        telephone:
        [86] (1) 5323831

        FAX:
        [86] (1) 5323178

        consulate(s) general:
        Chengdu, Guangzhou, Shanghai, Shenyang

    • Flag:
      red with a large yellow five-pointed star and four smaller yellow five-pointed stars (arranged in a vertical arc toward the middle of the flag) in the upper hoist-side corner






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Revised 13-August-1997