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China


    • Population:
      1,210,004,956 (July 1996 est.)

    • Age structure:

        0-14 years:
        26% (female 151,266,866; male 167,234,782)

        15-64 years:
        67% (female 391,917,572; male 419,103,994)

        65 years and over:
        7% (female 39,591,692; male 33,982,362) (July 1995 est.)

    • Population growth rate:
      1.04% (1995 est.)

    • Birth rate:
      17.78 births/1,000 population (1995 est.)

    • Death rate:
      7.36 deaths/1,000 population (1995 est.)

    • Net migration rate:
      0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1995 est.)

    • Infant mortality rate:
      52.1 deaths/1,000 live births (1995 est.)

    • Life expectancy at birth:

        total population:
        68.08 years

        male:
        67.09 years

        female:
        69.18 years (1995 est.)

    • Total fertility rate:
      1.84 children born/woman (1995 est.)

    • Nationality:

        noun:
        Chinese (singular and plural)

        adjective:
        Chinese

    • Ethnic divisions:
      Han Chinese 91.9%, Zhuang, Uygur, Hui, Yi, Tibetan, Miao, Manchu, Mongol, Buyi, Korean, and other nationalities 8.1%

    • Religions:
      Daoism (Taoism), Buddhism, Muslim 2%-3%, Christian 1% (est.)

        note:
        officially atheist, but traditionally pragmatic and eclectic

    • Languages:
      Standard Chinese or Mandarin (Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages (see Ethnic divisions entry)

    • Literacy:
      age 15 and over can read and write (1990)

        total population:
        78%

        male:
        87%

        female:
        68%

    • Labor force:
      583.6 million (1991)

        by occupation:
        agriculture and forestry 60%, industry and commerce 25%, construction and mining 5%, social services 5%, other 5% (1990 est.)






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