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Congo Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Western Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola and Gabon

    • Map references:

    • Area:

        total area:
        342,000 sq km

        land area:
        341,500 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly smaller than Montana

    • Land boundaries:
      total 5,504 km, Angola 201 km, Cameroon 523 km, Central African Republic 467 km, Gabon 1,903 km, Zaire 2,410 km

    • Coastline:
      169 km

    • Maritime claims:

        territorial sea:
        200 nm

    • International disputes:
      long segment of boundary with Zaire along the Congo River is indefinite (no division of the river or its islands has been made)

    • Climate:
      tropical; rainy season (March to June); dry season (June to October); constantly high temperatures and humidity; particularly enervating climate astride the Equator

    • Terrain:
      coastal plain, southern basin, central plateau, northern basin

    • Natural resources:
      petroleum, timber, potash, lead, zinc, uranium, copper, phosphates, natural gas

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      40 sq km (1989)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        air pollution from vehicle emissions; water pollution from the dumping of raw sewage; tap water is not potable; deforestation

        natural hazards:
        seasonal flooding

        international agreements:
        party to - Endangered Species, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83; signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Tropical Timber 94

    • Note:
      about 70% of the population lives in Brazzaville, Pointe Noire, or along the railroad between them

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