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Congo


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Republic of the Congo

        conventional short form:
        Congo

        local long form:
        Republique Populaire du Congo

        local short form:
        Congo

        former:
        Congo/Brazzaville

    • Digraph:
      CF

    • Type:
      republic

    • Capital:
      Brazzaville

    • Administrative divisions:
      9 regions (regions, singular - region) and 1 commune*; Bouenza, Brazzaville*, Cuvette, Kouilou, Lekoumou, Likouala, Niari, Plateaux, Pool, Sangha

    • Independence:
      15 August 1960 (from France)

    • National holiday:
      Congolese National Day, 15 August (1960)

    • Constitution:
      new constitution approved by referendum March 1992

    • Legal system:
      based on French civil law system and customary law

    • Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        President Pascal LISSOUBA (since August 1992); election last held August 1992 (next to be held August 1997); results - President Pascal LISSOUBA won with 61% of the vote

        head of government:
        Prime Minister Jacques Joachim YHOMBI-OPANGO (since 23 June 1993)

        cabinet:
        Council of Ministers; named by the president

    • Legislative branch:
      bicameral

        National Assembly (Assemblee Nationale):
        election last held 3 October 1993; results - percentage vote by party NA; seats - (125 total) UPADS 64, URD/PCT 58, others 3

        Senate:
        election last held 26 July 1992 (next to be held July 1998); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (60 total) UPADS 23, MCDDI 14, RDD 8, RDPS 5, PCT 2, others 8

    • Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court (Cour Supreme)

    • Political parties and leaders:
      Congolese Labor Party (PCT), Denis SASSOU-NGUESSO, president; Pan-African Union for Social Development (UPADS), Pascal LISSOUBA, leader; Association for Democracy and Development (RDD), Joachim Yhombi OPANGO, president; Congolese Movement for Democracy and Integral Development (MCDDI), Bernard KOLELAS, leader; Association for Democracy and Social Progress (RDPS), Jean-Pierre Thystere TCHICAYA, president; Union of Democratic Forces (UFD), David Charles GANAO, leader; Union for Development and Social Progress (UDPS), Jean-Michael BOKAMBA-YANGOUMA, leader

        note:
        Congo has many political parties of which these are among the most important

    • Other political or pressure groups:
      Union of Congolese Socialist Youth (UJSC); Congolese Trade Union Congress (CSC); Revolutionary Union of Congolese Women (URFC); General Union of Congolese Pupils and Students (UGEEC)

    • Member of:
      ACCT, ACP, AfDB, BDEAC, CCC, CEEAC, ECA, FAO, FZ, G-77, GATT, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ITU, NAM, OAU, UDEAC, UN, UNAMIR, UNAVEM II, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Pierre Damien BOUSSOUKOU-BOUMBA

        chancery:
        4891 Colorado Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20011

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 726-0825

        FAX:
        [1] (202) 726-1860

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador William C. RAMSEY

        embassy:
        Avenue Amilcar Cabral, Brazzaville

        mailing address:
        B. P. 1015, Brazzaville

        telephone:
        [242] 83 20 70

        FAX:
        [242] 83 63 38

    • Flag:
      red, divided diagonally from the lower hoist side by a yellow band; the upper triangle (hoist side) is green and the lower triangle is red; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia






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Revised 13-August-1997