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Cuba Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, south of Florida

    • Map references:
      Central America and the Caribbean

    • Area:

        total area:
        110,860 sq km

        land area:
        110,860 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly smaller than Pennsylvania

    • Land boundaries:
      total 29 km, US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay 29 km

        Guantanamo Naval Base is leased by the US and thus remains part of Cuba

    • Coastline:
      3,735 km

    • Maritime claims:

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay is leased to US and only mutual agreement or US abandonment of the area can terminate the lease

    • Climate:
      tropical; moderated by trade winds; dry season (November to April); rainy season (May to October)

    • Terrain:
      mostly flat to rolling plains with rugged hills and mountains in the southeast

    • Natural resources:
      cobalt, nickel, iron ore, copper, manganese, salt, timber, silica, petroleum

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      8,960 sq km (1989)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        pollution of Havana Bay; overhunting threatens wildlife populations; deforestation

        natural hazards:
        the east coast is subject to hurricanes from August to October (in general, the country averages about one hurricane every other year); droughts are common

        international agreements:
        party to - Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution; signed, but not ratified - Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Desertification, Marine Life Conservation

    • Note:
      largest country in Caribbean

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