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Ethiopia


    • Location:
      Eastern Africa, west of Somalia

    • Map references:
      Africa

    • Area:

        total area:
        1,127,127 sq km

        land area:
        1,119,683 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly less than twice the size of Texas

    • Land boundaries:
      total 5,311 km, Djibouti 337 km, Eritrea 912 km, Kenya 830 km, Somalia 1,626 km, Sudan 1,606 km

    • Coastline:
      none - landlocked

    • Maritime claims:
      none; landlocked

    • International disputes:
      southern half of the boundary with Somalia is a Provisional Administrative Line; territorial dispute with Somalia over the Ogaden

    • Climate:
      tropical monsoon with wide topographic-induced variation

    • Terrain:
      high plateau with central mountain range divided by Great Rift Valley

    • Natural resources:
      small reserves of gold, platinum, copper, potash

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        12%

        permanent crops:
        1%

        meadows and pastures:
        41%

        forest and woodland:
        24%

        other:
        22%

    • Irrigated land:
      1,620 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; famine

        natural hazards:
        geologically active Great Rift Valley susceptible to earthquakes, volcanic eruptions; frequent droughts

        international agreements:
        party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Ozone Layer Protection; signed, but not ratified - Desertification, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban

    • Note:
      landlocked - entire coastline along the Red Sea was lost with the de jure independence of Eritrea on 27 April 1993






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