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Fiji Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Oceania, island group in the South Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand

    • Map references:

    • Area:

        total area:
        18,270 sq km

        land area:
        18,270 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly smaller than New Jersey

    • Land boundaries:
      0 km

    • Coastline:
      1,129 km

    • Maritime claims:
      measured from claimed archipelagic baselines

        continental shelf:
        200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation; rectilinear shelf claim added

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:

    • Climate:
      tropical marine; only slight seasonal temperature variation

    • Terrain:
      mostly mountains of volcanic origin

    • Natural resources:
      timber, fish, gold, copper, offshore oil potential

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      10 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        deforestation; soil erosion

        natural hazards:
        cyclonic storms can occur from November to January

        international agreements:
        party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 94

    • Note:
      includes 332 islands of which approximately 110 are inhabited

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