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Fiji


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Republic of Fiji

        conventional short form:
        Fiji

    • Digraph:
      FJ

    • Type:
      republic

        note:
        military coup leader Maj. Gen. Sitiveni RABUKA formally declared Fiji a republic on 6 October 1987

    • Capital:
      Suva

    • Administrative divisions:
      4 divisions and 1 dependency*; Central, Eastern, Northern, Rotuma*, Western

    • Independence:
      10 October 1970 (from UK)

    • National holiday:
      Independence Day, 10 October (1970)

    • Constitution:
      10 October 1970 (suspended 1 October 1987); a new Constitution was proposed on 23 September 1988 and promulgated on 25 July 1990; the 1990 Constitution is under review; the review is scheduled to be complete by 1997

    • Legal system:
      based on British system

    • Suffrage:
      21 years of age; universal

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        President Ratu Sir Kamisese MARA (since 12 January 1994); First Vice President Ratu Sir Josaia TAIVAIQIA (since 12 January 1994); Second Vice President Ratu Inoke TAKIVEIKATA (since 12 January 1994); note - President GANILAU died on 15 December 1993 and Vice President MARA became acting president; MARA was elected president by the Great Council of Chiefs on 12 January 1994

        head of government:
        Prime Minister Sitiveni RABUKA (since 2 June 1992)

        Presidential Council:
        appointed by the governor general

        Great Council of Chiefs:
        highest ranking members of the traditional chiefly system

        cabinet:
        Cabinet; appointed by prime minister from members of Parliament and responsible to Parliament

    • Legislative branch:
      the bicameral Parliament was dissolved following the coup of 14 May 1987

        Senate:
        nonelective body containing 34 seats, 24 reserved for ethnic Fijians, 9 for Indians and others, 1 for the island of Rotuma; appointed by President

        House of Representatives:
        elections last held 18-25 February 1994 (next to be held NA 1999); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (70 total, with ethnic Fijians allocated 37 seats, ethnic Indians 27 seats, and independents and other 6 seats) number of seats by party SVT 31, NFP 20, FLP 7, FA 5, GVP 4, independents 2, ANC 1

    • Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court

    • Political parties and leaders:
      Fijian Political Party (SVT - primarily Fijian), leader Maj. Gen. Sitivini RABUKA; National Federation Party (NFP; primarily Indian), Jai Ram REDDY; Fijian Nationalist Party (FNP), Sakeasi BUTADROKA; Fiji Labor Party (FLP), Mahendra CHAUDHRY; General Voters Party (GVP), Bill SORBY; Fiji Conservative Party (FCP), Isireli VUIBAU; Conservative Party of Fiji (CPF), Jolale ULUDOLE and Viliame SAVU; Fiji Indian Liberal Party, Swami MAHARAJ; Fiji Indian Congress Party, Ishwari BAJPAI; Fiji Independent Labor (Muslim), leader NA; Four Corners Party, David TULVANUAVOU; Fijian Association (FA), leader NA; General Electors' Association, leader NA

        note:
        in early 1995, ethnic Fijian members of the All National Congress (ANC) merged with the Fijian Association (FA); the new FA is scheduled to hold its first meeting in April 1995 at which time the leaders of the party will be chosen; it is likely that Josevata KAMIKAMICA, the leader of the FA before the merger, will be elected leader and Adi Kuini Bavadra SPEED, the leader of the ANC before the merger, will be elected deputy leader; the remaining members of the ANC have renamed their party the General Electors' Association

    • Member of:
      ACP, AsDB, CP, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, GATT, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ITU, PCA, SPARTECA, SPC, SPF, UN, UNAMIR, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNIKOM, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Pita Kewa NACUVA

        chancery:
        Suite 240, 2233 Wisconsin Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20007

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 337-8320

        FAX:
        [1] (202) 337-1996

        consulate(s):
        New York

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Michael W. MARINE

        embassy:
        31 Loftus Street, Suva

        mailing address:
        P. O. Box 218, Suva

        telephone:
        [679] 314466

        FAX:
        [679] 300081

    • Flag:
      light blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Fijian shield centered on the outer half of the flag; the shield depicts a yellow lion above a white field quartered by the cross of Saint George featuring stalks of sugarcane, a palm tree, bananas, and a white dove






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