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Ghana Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Cote d'Ivoire and Togo

    • Map references:

    • Area:

        total area:
        238,540 sq km

        land area:
        230,020 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly smaller than Oregon

    • Land boundaries:
      total 2,093 km, Burkina 548 km, Cote d'Ivoire 668 km, Togo 877 km

    • Coastline:
      539 km

    • Maritime claims:

        contiguous zone:
        24 nm

        continental shelf:
        200 nm

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:

    • Climate:
      tropical; warm and comparatively dry along southeast coast; hot and humid in southwest; hot and dry in north

    • Terrain:
      mostly low plains with dissected plateau in south-central area

    • Natural resources:
      gold, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      80 sq km (1989)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        recent drought in north severely affecting agricultural activities; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; poaching and habitat destruction threatens wildlife populations; water pollution; inadequate supplies of potable water

        natural hazards:
        dry, dusty, harmattan winds occur from January to March; droughts

        international agreements:
        party to - Biodiversity, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified - Climate Change, Desertification, Marine Life Conservation

    • Note:
      Lake Volta is the world's largest artificial lake; northeasterly harmattan wind (January to March)

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