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Ghana


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Republic of Ghana

        conventional short form:
        Ghana

        former:
        Gold Coast

    • Digraph:
      GH

    • Type:
      constitutional democracy

    • Capital:
      Accra

    • Administrative divisions:
      10 regions; Ashanti, Brong-Ahafo, Central, Eastern, Greater Accra, Northern, Upper East, Upper West, Volta, Western

    • Independence:
      6 March 1957 (from UK)

    • National holiday:
      Independence Day, 6 March (1957)

    • Constitution:
      new constitution approved 28 April 1992

    • Legal system:
      based on English common law and customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

    • Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state and head of government:
        President Jerry John RAWLINGS (since 3 November 1992) election last held 3 November 1992 (next to be held November 1996); results - opposition boycotted the election, the National Democratic Congress won 198 of the total 200 seats and 2 seats were won by independents

        cabinet:
        Cabinet; president nominates members subject to approval by the Parliament

    • Legislative branch:
      unicameral

        National Assembly:
        elections last held 29 December 1992 (next to be held December 1996); results - opposition boycotted the election; the National Democratic Congress won 198 0f 200 total seats and independents won 2

    • Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court

    • Political parties and leaders:
      National Democratic Congress, Jerry John RAWLINGS; New Patriotic Party, Albert Adu BOAHEN; People's Heritage Party, Alex ERSKINE; various other smaller parties

    • Member of:
      ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, ECA, ECOWAS, FAO, G-24, G-77, GATT, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, IOM (observer), ITU, MINURSO, NAM, OAU, UN, UNAMIR, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNIKOM, UNPROFOR, UNU, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Ekwow SPIO-GARBRAH

        chancery:
        3512 International Drive NW, Washington, DC 20008

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 686-4520

        FAX:
        [1] (202) 686-4527

        consulate(s) general:
        New York

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Kenneth L. BROWN (scheduled to leave in June 1995)

        embassy:
        Ring Road East, East of Danquah Circle, Accra

        mailing address:
        P. O. Box 194, Accra

        telephone:
        [233] (21) 775348, 775349, 775297, 775298

        FAX:
        [233] (21) 776008

    • Flag:
      three equal horizontal bands of red (top), yellow, and green with a large black five-pointed star centered in the gold band; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia; similar to the flag of Bolivia, which has a coat of arms centered in the yellow band






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