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Greenland


    • Affiliation:
      (part of the Danish realm)

    • Location:
      Northern North America, island between the Arctic Ocean and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Canada

    • Map references:
      Arctic Region

    • Area:

        total area:
        2,175,600 sq km

        land area:
        383,600 sq km (ice free)

        comparative area:
        slightly more than three times the size of Texas

    • Land boundaries:
      0 km

    • Coastline:
      44,087 km

    • Maritime claims:

        exclusive fishing zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        3 nm

    • International disputes:
      none

    • Climate:
      arctic to subarctic; cool summers, cold winters

    • Terrain:
      flat to gradually sloping icecap covers all but a narrow, mountainous, barren, rocky coast

    • Natural resources:
      zinc, lead, iron ore, coal, molybdenum, cryolite, uranium, fish

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        0%

        permanent crops:
        0%

        meadows and pastures:
        1%

        forest and woodland:
        0%

        other:
        99%

    • Irrigated land:
      0 sq km

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        NA

        natural hazards:
        continuous permafrost over northern two-thirds of the island

        international agreements:
        NA

    • Note:
      dominates North Atlantic Ocean between North America and Europe; sparse population confined to small settlements along coast






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