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Jordan Geography 1996

    • Affiliation:
      (also see separate West Bank entry)

    • Location:
      Middle East, northwest of Saudi Arabia

    • Map references:
      Middle East

    • Area:

        total area:
        89,213 sq km

        land area:
        88,884 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly smaller than Indiana

    • Land boundaries:
      total 1,619 km, Iraq 181 km, Israel 238 km, Saudi Arabia 728 km, Syria 375 km, West Bank 97 km

    • Coastline:
      26 km

    • Maritime claims:

        territorial sea:
        3 nm

    • International disputes:

    • Climate:
      mostly arid desert; rainy season in west (November to April)

    • Terrain:
      mostly desert plateau in east, highland area in west; Great Rift Valley separates East and West Banks of the Jordan River

    • Natural resources:
      phosphates, potash, shale oil

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      570 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        limited natural fresh water resources; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification

        natural hazards:

        international agreements:
        party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands

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