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Jordan


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

        conventional short form:
        Jordan

        local long form:
        Al Mamlakah al Urduniyah al Hashimiyah

        local short form:
        Al Urdun

        former:
        Transjordan

    • Digraph:
      JO

    • Type:
      constitutional monarchy

    • Capital:
      Amman

    • Administrative divisions:
      8 governorates (muhafazat, singular - muhafazah); Al Balqa', Al Karak, Al Mafraq, 'Amman, At Tafilah, Az Zarqa', Irbid, Ma'an

    • Independence:
      25 May 1946 (from League of Nations mandate under British administration)

    • National holiday:
      Independence Day, 25 May (1946)

    • Constitution:
      8 January 1952

    • Legal system:
      based on Islamic law and French codes; judicial review of legislative acts in a specially provided High Tribunal; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

    • Suffrage:
      20 years of age; universal

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        King HUSSEIN Bin Talal Al Hashimi (since 11 August 1952)

        head of government:
        Prime Minister Zayd BIN SHAKIR (since 8 January 1995)

        cabinet:
        Cabinet appointed by the monarch

    • Legislative branch:
      bicameral National Assembly (Majlis al-'Umma)

        House of Notables (Majlis al-A'ayan):
        consists of a 40-member body appointed by the king from designated categories of public figures

        House of Representatives:
        elections last held 8 November 1993 (next to be held NA November 1997); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (80 total) Muslim Brotherhood (fundamentalist) 16, Independent Islamic bloc (generally traditionalist) 6, Radical leftist 3, pro-government 55

        note:
        the House of Representatives has been convened and dissolved by the King several times since 1974 and in November 1989 the first parliamentary elections in 22 years were held

    • Judicial branch:
      Court of Cassation

    • Political parties and leaders:
      Al-'Ahd (Pledge) Party, Sec. Gen. 'Abd al-Hadi al-MAJALI; Al-Ahrar (Liberals) Party, Sec. Gen. Ahmad al-ZU'BI; Al-Hurriyah (Freedom) Party, Sec. Gen. Fawwaz al-ZUBI; Al-Watan (Homeland) Party, leader 'Akif al-FAYIZ; Al-Yaqazah (Awakening) Party, Sec. Gen. 'Abd al-Ra'uf al-RAWABIDAH; Constitutional Jordanian Arab Front Party, leader Milhim al-TALL; Democratic Arab Islamic Movement Party-Du'a', Sec. Gen. Yusuf Abu BAKR; Democratic Arab Unionist Party-Wad, Sec. Gen. Anis al-MU'ASHIR; Islamic Action Front (IAF), Sec. Gen. Ishaq al-FARHAN; Jordanian Arab Democratic Party, Sec. Gen. Mu'nis al-RAZZAZ; Jordanian Arab Masses Party, Sec. Gen. 'Abd al-Khaliq SHATAT; Jordanian Arab Socialist Ba'th Party, Command First Secretary Taysir al-HIMSI; Jordanian Communist Party (JCP), Sec. Gen. Ya'qub ZAYADIN; Jordanian Democratic Popular Unity Party, Sec. Gen. 'Azmi al-KHAWAJA; Jordanian Democratic Progressive Party, Sec. Gen. 'Ali 'AMIR; Jordanian National Alliance Party, Sec. Gen. Mijhim al-KHURAYSHAH; Jordanian People's Democratic Party-Hashd, Sec. Gen. Taysir al-ZIBRI; Jordanian Socialist Democratic Party, Sec. Gen. 'Isa MADANAT; Pan-Arab Action Front Party, Sec. Gen. Muhammad al-ZU'BI; Popular Unity Party-the Unionists, Sec. Gen. Talal al-RAMAHI; Progress and Justice Party, Sec. Gen. 'Ali al-SA'D; Progressive Arab Ba'th Party, Command Secretary Mahmud al-MA'AYITAH; Al-Mustaqbal (Future) Party, Sec. Gen. Sulayman 'ARAR

    • Member of:
      ABEDA, ACC, AFESD, AL, AMF, CAEU, CCC, ESCWA, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OIC, PCA, UN, UNAVEM II, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNOMIL, UNOMOZ, UNPROFOR, UNRWA, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Fayiz A. TARAWNEH

        chancery:
        3504 International Drive NW, Washington, DC 20008

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 966-2664

        FAX:
        [1] (202) 966-3110

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Wesley E. EGAN, Jr.

        embassy:
        Jabel Amman, Amman

        mailing address:
        P. O. Box 354, Amman 11118 Jordan; APO AE 09892-0200

        telephone:
        [962] (6) 820101

        FAX:
        [962] (6) 820159

    • Flag:
      three equal horizontal bands of black (top), white, and green with a red isosceles triangle based on the hoist side bearing a small white seven-pointed star; the seven points on the star represent the seven fundamental laws of the Koran






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