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Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

        conventional short form:
        none

        local long form:
        Republika Makedonija

        local short form:
        Makedonija

    • Abbreviation:
      F.Y.R.O.M.

    • Digraph:
      MK

    • Type:
      emerging democracy

    • Capital:
      Skopje

    • Administrative divisions:
      34 counties (opstinas, singular - opstina) Berovo, Bitola, Brod, Debar, Delcevo, Gevgelija, Gostivar, Kavadarci, Kicevo, Kocani, Kratovo, Kriva Palanka, Krusevo, Kumanovo, Murgasevo, Negotino, Ohrid, Prilep, Probistip, Radovis, Resen, Skopje-Centar, Skopje-Cair, Skopje-Karpos, Skopje-Kisela Voda, Skopje-Gazi Baba, Stip, Struga, Strumica, Sveti Nikole, Tetovo, Titov Veles, Valandovo, Vinica

    • Independence:
      17 September 1991 (from Yugoslavia)

    • National holiday:
      8 September

    • Constitution:
      adopted 17 November 1991, effective 20 November 1991

    • Legal system:
      based on civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts

    • Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        President Kiro GLIGOROV (since 27 January 1991); election last held 16 October 1994 (next to be held NA 1997); results - Kiro GLIGOROV was elected by the Assembly in 1991; reelected by popular vote in 1994

        head of government:
        Prime Minister Branko CRVENKOVSKI (since 4 September 1992)

        cabinet:
        Council of Ministers; elected by the majority vote of all the deputies in the Sobranje

    • Legislative branch:
      unicameral

        Assembly (Sobranje):
        elections last held 16 and 30 October 1994 (next to be held November 1998); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (120 total) seats by party NA

    • Judicial branch:
      Constitutional Court, Judicial Court of the Republic

    • Political parties and leaders:
      Social-Democratic Alliance of Macedonia (SDSM; former Communist Party), Branko CRVENKOVSKI, president; Party for Democratic Prosperity (PDP); note - two factions competing for party name; one faction is led by Abdurahman HALITI and the other faction is led by Arber XHAFFERI; National Democratic Party (NDP), Ilijas HALINI, president; Alliance of Reform Forces of Macedonia - Liberal Party (SRSM-LP), Stojan ANDOV, president; Socialist Party of Macedonia (SPM), Kiro POPOVSKI, president; Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization - Democratic Party for Macedonian National Unity (VMRO-DPMNE), Ljupco GEORGIEVSKI, president; Party of Yugoslavs in Macedonia (SJM), Milan DURCINOV, president; Democratic Party (DP), Petar GOSEV, president

    • Other political or pressure groups:
      Movement for All Macedonian Action (MAAK); Democratic Party of Serbs; Democratic Party of Turks; Party for Democratic Action (Slavic Muslim)

    • Member of:
      CCC, CE (guest), CEI, EBRD, ECE, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT (nonsignatory user), INTERPOL, IOC, ITU, OSCE (observer), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:
      the US recognized The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia on 8 February 1994

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Victor D. COMRAS

        liaison office:
        ul. 27 Mart No. 5, 9100 Skopje

        mailing address:
        USLO Skopje, Department of State, Washington, DC 20521-7120 (pouch)

        telephone:
        [389] (91) 116-180

        FAX:
        [389] (91) 117-103

    • Flag:
      16-point gold sun (Vergina, Sun) centered on a red field






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