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Mexico


    • Location:
      Middle America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico, between Belize and the US and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatamala and the US

    • Map references:
      North America

    • Area:

        total area:
        1,972,550 sq km

        land area:
        1,923,040 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly less than three times the size of Texas

    • Land boundaries:
      total 4,538 km, Belize 250 km, Guatemala 962 km, US 3,326 km

    • Coastline:
      9,330 km

    • Maritime claims:

        contiguous zone:
        24 nm

        continental shelf:
        200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      claims Clipperton Island (French possession)

    • Climate:
      varies from tropical to desert

    • Terrain:
      high, rugged mountains, low coastal plains, high plateaus, and desert

    • Natural resources:
      petroleum, silver, copper, gold, lead, zinc, natural gas, timber

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        12%

        permanent crops:
        1%

        meadows and pastures:
        39%

        forest and woodland:
        24%

        other:
        24%

    • Irrigated land:
      51,500 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        natural fresh water resources scarce and polluted in north, inaccessible and poor quality in center and extreme southeast; raw sewage and industrial effluents polluting rivers in urban areas; deforestation; widespread erosion; desertification; serious air pollution in the national capital and urban centers along US-Mexico border

        natural hazards:
        tsunamis along the Pacific coast, destructive earthquakes in the center and south, and hurricanes on the Gulf and Caribbean coasts

        international agreements:
        party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling; signed, but not ratified - Desertification

    • Note:
      strategic location on southern border of US






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Revised 13-August-1997