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Solomon Islands


    • Location:
      Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Papua New Guinea

    • Map references:
      Oceania

    • Area:

        total area:
        28,450 sq km

        land area:
        27,540 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly larger than Maryland

    • Land boundaries:
      0 km

    • Coastline:
      5,313 km

    • Maritime claims:
      measured from claimed archipelagic baselines

        continental shelf:
        200 nm

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      none

    • Climate:
      tropical monsoon; few extremes of temperature and weather

    • Terrain:
      mostly rugged mountains with some low coral atolls

    • Natural resources:
      fish, forests, gold, bauxite, phosphates, lead, zinc, nickel

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        1%

        permanent crops:
        1%

        meadows and pastures:
        1%

        forest and woodland:
        93%

        other:
        4%

    • Irrigated land:
      NA sq km

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        deforestation; soil erosion; much of the surrounding coral reefs are dead or dying

        natural hazards:
        typhoons, but they are rarely destructive; geologically active region with frequent earth tremors; volcanic activity

        international agreements:
        party to - Climate Change, Environmental Modification, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling; signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity, Law of the Sea






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Revised 13-August-1997