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Solomon Islands


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        none

        conventional short form:
        Solomon Islands

        former:
        British Solomon Islands

    • Digraph:
      BP

    • Type:
      parliamentary democracy

    • Capital:
      Honiara

    • Administrative divisions:
      7 provinces and 1 town*; Central, Guadalcanal, Honiara*, Isabel, Makira, Malaita, Temotu, Western

    • Independence:
      7 July 1978 (from UK)

    • National holiday:
      Independence Day, 7 July (1978)

    • Constitution:
      7 July 1978

    • Legal system:
      common law

    • Suffrage:
      21 years of age; universal

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General Moses PITAKAKA (since 10 June 1994)

        head of government:
        Prime Minister Solomon MAMALONI (since 7 November 1994); Deputy Prime Minister Dennis LULEI (since 10 November 1994)

        cabinet:
        Cabinet; appointed by the governor general on advice of the prime minister from members of parliament

    • Legislative branch:
      unicameral

        National Parliament:
        elections last held NA November 1994 (next to be held NA 1997); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (47 total) number of seats by party NA

    • Judicial branch:
      High Court

    • Political parties and leaders:
      People's Alliance Party (PAP); United Party (UP), leader NA; Solomon Islands Liberal Party (SILP), Bartholemew ULUFA'ALU; Nationalist Front for Progress (NFP), Andrew NORI; Labor Party (LP), Joses TUHANUKU; National Action Party, leader NA; Christian Fellowship, leader NA; National Unity Group, Solomon MAMALONI

    • Member of:
      ACP, AsDB, C, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT (nonsignatory user), IOC, ITU, SPARTECA, SPC, SPF, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WMO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:
      ambassador traditionally resides in Honiara (Solomon Islands)

    • US diplomatic representation:
      embassy closed July 1993; the ambassador to Papua New Guinea is accredited to the Solomon Islands

    • Flag:
      divided diagonally by a thin yellow stripe from the lower hoist-side corner; the upper triangle (hoist side) is blue with five white five-pointed stars arranged in an X pattern; the lower triangle is green






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Revised 13-August-1997