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Sudan


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Republic of the Sudan

        conventional short form:
        Sudan

        local long form:
        Jumhuriyat as-Sudan

        local short form:
        As-Sudan

        former:
        Anglo-Egyptian Sudan

    • Digraph:
      SU

    • Type:
      ruling military junta - Revolutionary Command Council (RCC) - dissolved on 16 October 1993 and government civilianized

    • Capital:
      Khartoum

    • Administrative divisions:
      9 states (wilayat, singular - wilayat or wilayah*); A'ali an Nil, Al Wusta*, Al Istiwa'iyah*, Al Khartum, Ash Shamaliyah*, Ash Sharqiyah*, Bahr al Ghazal, Darfur, Kurdufan

        note:
        on 14 February 1994, the 9 states comprising Sudan were divided into 26 new states; the new state boundary alignments are undetermined

    • Independence:
      1 January 1956 (from Egypt and UK)

    • National holiday:
      Independence Day, 1 January (1956)

    • Constitution:
      12 April 1973, suspended following coup of 6 April 1985; interim constitution of 10 October 1985 suspended following coup of 30 June 1989

    • Legal system:
      based on English common law and Islamic law; as of 20 January 1991, the now defunct Revolutionary Command Council imposed Islamic law in the northern states; the council is still studying criminal provisions under Islamic law; Islamic law applies to all residents of the northern states regardless of their religion; some separate religious courts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

    • Suffrage:
      none

    • Executive branch:

        Chief of State and Head of Government:
        President Lt. General Umar Hasan Ahmad al-BASHIR (since 16 October 1993); prior to 16 October 1993, BASHIR served concurrently as Chief of State, Chairman of the RCC, Prime Minister, and Minister of Defence (since 30 June 1989); First Vice President Major General al-Zubayr Muhammad SALIH (since 19 October 1993); Second Vice President (Police) Maj. General George KONGOR (since NA February 1994); note - upon its dissolution on 16 October 1993, the RCC's executive and legislative powers were devolved to the President and the Transitional National Assembly (TNA), Sudan's appointed legislative body

        cabinet:
        Cabinet; appointed by the president; note - on 30 October 1993, President BASHIR announced a new, predominantly civilian cabinet, consisting of 20 federal ministers, most of whom retained their previous cabinet positions; on 9 February 1995, he abolished three ministries and redivided their portfolios to create several new ministries; these changes increased National Islamic Front presence at the ministerial level and consolidated its control over the Ministry of Foreign Affairs; President BASHIR's government is dominated by members of Sudan's National Islamic Front, a fundamentalist political organization formed from the Muslim Brotherhood in 1986; front leader Hasan al-TURABI controls Khartoum's overall domestic and foreign policies

    • Legislative branch:
      appointed 300-member Transitional National Assembly; officially assumes all legislative authority for Sudan until the proposed 1995 resumption of national elections

    • Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court, Special Revolutionary Courts

    • Political parties and leaders:
      none; banned following 30 June 1989 coup

    • Other political or pressure groups:
      National Islamic Front, Hasan al-TURABI

    • Member of:
      ABEDA, ACP, AfDB, AFESD, AL, AMF, CAEU, CCC, ECA, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IGADD, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ITU, NAM, OAU, OIC, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNU, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Ahmad SULAYMAN

        chancery:
        2210 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 338-8565 through 8570

        FAX:
        [1] (202) 667-2406

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Donald K. PETTERSON

        embassy:
        Shar'ia Ali Abdul Latif, Khartoum

        mailing address:
        P. O. Box 699, Khartoum; APO AE 09829

        telephone:
        74700, 74611 (operator assistance required)

        FAX:
        Telex 22619 AMEMSD

    • Flag:
      three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and black with a green isosceles triangle based on the hoist side






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