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Sudan


    • Population:
      30,120,420 (July 1995 est.)

    • Age structure:

        0-14 years:
        46% (female 6,801,001; male 7,124,892)

        15-64 years:
        52% (female 7,706,864; male 7,830,980)

        65 years and over:
        2% (female 280,297; male 376,386) (July 1995 est.)

    • Population growth rate:
      2.35% (1995 est.)

    • Birth rate:
      41.29 births/1,000 population (1995 est.)

    • Death rate:
      11.74 deaths/1,000 population (1995 est.)

    • Net migration rate:
      NA migrant(s)/1,000 population (1995 est.)

        note:
        the flow of refugees from the civil war in Sudan into neighboring countries continues, often at the rate of tens of thousands annually; Uganda was the main recipient of Sudanese refugees in the past year; repatriation of Eritrean and Ethiopean refugees in Sudan continues

    • Infant mortality rate:
      77.7 deaths/1,000 live births (1995 est.)

    • Life expectancy at birth:

        total population:
        54.71 years

        male:
        53.81 years

        female:
        55.65 years (1995 est.)

    • Total fertility rate:
      6 children born/woman (1995 est.)

    • Nationality:

        noun:
        Sudanese (singular and plural)

        adjective:
        Sudanese

    • Ethnic divisions:
      black 52%, Arab 39%, Beja 6%, foreigners 2%, other 1%

    • Religions:
      Sunni Muslim 70% (in north), indigenous beliefs 25%, Christian 5% (mostly in south and Khartoum)

    • Languages:
      Arabic (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, diverse dialects of Nilotic, Nilo-Hamitic, Sudanic languages, English

        note:
        program of Arabization in process

    • Literacy:
      age 15 and over can read and write (1983)

        total population:
        32%

        male:
        44%

        female:
        21%

    • Labor force:
      6.5 million

        by occupation:
        agriculture 80%, industry and commerce 10%, government 6%

        note:
        labor shortages for almost all categories of skilled employment (1983 est.)






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