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Tunisia Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Libya

    • Map references:

    • Area:

        total area:
        163,610 sq km

        land area:
        155,360 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly larger than Georgia

    • Land boundaries:
      total 1,424 km, Algeria 965 km, Libya 459 km

    • Coastline:
      1,148 km

    • Maritime claims:

        contiguous zone:
        24 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      maritime boundary dispute with Libya; land boundary dispute with Algeria settled in 1993; Malta and Tunisia are discussing the commercial exploitation of the continental shelf between their countries, particularly for oil exploration

    • Climate:
      temperate in north with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers; desert in south

    • Terrain:
      mountains in north; hot, dry central plain; semiarid south merges into the Sahara

    • Natural resources:
      petroleum, phosphates, iron ore, lead, zinc, salt

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      2,750 sq km (1989)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        toxic and hazardous waste disposal is ineffective and presents human health risks; water pollution from raw sewage; limited natural fresh water resources; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification

        natural hazards:

        international agreements:
        party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified - Desertification, Marine Life Conservation

    • Note:
      strategic location in central Mediterranean

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