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Turkmenistan


    • Population:
      4,075,316 (July 1995 est.)

    • Age structure:

        0-14 years:
        40% (female 798,620; male 821,550)

        15-64 years:
        56% (female 1,155,392; male 1,128,844)

        65 years and over:
        4% (female 105,424; male 65,486) (July 1995 est.)

    • Population growth rate:
      1.97% (1995 est.)

    • Birth rate:
      29.93 births/1,000 population (1995 est.)

    • Death rate:
      7.34 deaths/1,000 population (1995 est.)

    • Net migration rate:
      -2.92 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1995 est.)

    • Infant mortality rate:
      68.5 deaths/1,000 live births (1995 est.)

    • Life expectancy at birth:

        total population:
        65.35 years

        male:
        61.85 years

        female:
        69.02 years (1995 est.)

    • Total fertility rate:
      3.72 children born/woman (1995 est.)

    • Nationality:

        noun:
        Turkmen(s)

        adjective:
        Turkmen

    • Ethnic divisions:
      Turkmen 73.3%, Russian 9.8%, Uzbek 9%, Kazakh 2%, other 5.9%

    • Religions:
      Muslim 87%, Eastern Orthodox 11%, unknown 2%

    • Languages:
      Turkmen 72%, Russian 12%, Uzbek 9%, other 7%

    • Literacy:
      age 15 and over can read and write (1989)

        total population:
        98%

        male:
        99%

        female:
        97%

    • Labor force:
      1.642 million (January 1994)

        by occupation:
        agriculture and forestry 44%, industry and construction 20%, other 36% (1992)






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