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Tuvalu


    • Overview:
      Tuvalu consists of a scattered group of nine coral atolls with poor soil. The country has no known mineral resources and few exports. Subsistence farming and fishing are the primary economic activities. The islands are too small and too remote for development of a tourist industry. Government revenues largely come from the sale of stamps and coins and worker remittances. Substantial income is received annually from an international trust fund established in 1987 by Australia, NZ, and the UK and supported also by Japan and South Korea.

    • National product:
      GDP - purchasing power parity - $7.8 million (1993 est.)

    • National product real growth rate:
      NA%

    • National product per capita:
      $800 (1993 est.)

    • Inflation rate (consumer prices):
      2.9% (1989)

    • Unemployment rate:
      NA%

    • Budget:

        revenues:
        $4.3 million

        expenditures:
        $4.3 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1989 est.)

    • Exports:
      $165,000 (f.o.b., 1989)

        commodities:
        copra

        partners:
        Fiji, Australia, NZ

    • Imports:
      $4.4 million (c.i.f., 1989)

        commodities:
        food, animals, mineral fuels, machinery, manufactured goods

        partners:
        Fiji, Australia, NZ

    • External debt:
      $NA

    • Industrial production:
      growth rate NA%

    • Electricity:

        capacity:
        2,600 kW

        production:
        3 million kWh

        consumption per capita:
        330 kWh (1990)

    • Industries:
      fishing, tourism, copra

    • Agriculture:
      coconuts and fish

    • Economic aid:

        recipient:
        US commitments, including Ex-Im (FY70-87), $1 million; Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral commitments (1970-89), $101 million

    • Currency:
      1 Tuvaluan dollar ($T) or 1 Australian dollar ($A) = 100 cents

    • Exchange rates:
      Tuvaluan dollars ($T) or Australian dollars ($A) per US$1 - 1.3058 (January 1995), 1.3667 (1994), 1.4704 (1993), 1.3600 (1992), 1.2835 (1991), 1.2799 (1990)

    • Fiscal year:
      NA






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