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Tuvalu


    • Location:
      Oceania, island group consisting of nine coral atolls in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Australia

    • Map references:
      Oceania

    • Area:

        total area:
        26 sq km

        land area:
        26 sq km

        comparative area:
        about 0.1 times the size of Washington, DC

    • Land boundaries:
      0 km

    • Coastline:
      24 km

    • Maritime claims:

        contiguous zone:
        24 nm

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      none

    • Climate:
      tropical; moderated by easterly trade winds (March to November); westerly gales and heavy rain (November to March)

    • Terrain:
      very low-lying and narrow coral atolls

    • Natural resources:
      fish

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        0%

        permanent crops:
        0%

        meadows and pastures:
        0%

        forest and woodland:
        0%

        other:
        100%

        note:
        Tuvalu's nine coral atolls have enough soil to grow coconuts and support subsistence agriculture

    • Irrigated land:
      NA sq km

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        since there are no streams or rivers and groundwater is not potable, all water needs must be met by catchment systems with storage facilities; beachhead erosion because of the use of sand for building materials; excessive clearance of forest undergrowth for use as fuel; damage to coral reefs from the spread of the crown of thorns starfish

        natural hazards:
        severe tropical storms are rare

        international agreements:
        party to - Climate Change, Endangered Species, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution; signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity, Law of the Sea






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