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Zaire


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Republic of Zaire

        conventional short form:
        Zaire

        local long form:
        Republique du Zaire

        local short form:
        Zaire

        former:
        Belgian Congo Congo/Leopoldville Congo/Kinshasa

    • Digraph:
      CG

    • Type:
      republic with a strong presidential system

    • Capital:
      Kinshasa

    • Administrative divisions:
      10 regions (regions, singular - region) and 1 town* (ville); Bandundu, Bas-Zaire, Equateur, Haut-Zaire, Kasai-Occidental, Kasai-Oriental, Kinshasa*, Maniema, Nord-Kivu, Shaba, Sud-Kivu

    • Independence:
      30 June 1960 (from Belgium)

    • National holiday:
      Anniversary of the Regime (Second Republic), 24 November (1965)

    • Constitution:
      24 June 1967, amended August 1974, revised 15 February 1978; amended April 1990; new transitional constitution promulgated in April 1994

    • Legal system:
      based on Belgian civil law system and tribal law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

    • Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal and compulsory

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        President Marshal MOBUTU Sese Seko Kuku Ngbendu wa Za Banga (since 24 November 1965) election last held 29 July 1984 (next to be held by 9 July 1995); results - President MOBUTU was reelected without opposition

        head of government:
        Prime Minister Leon KENGO wa Dondo (since 14 June 1994)

        cabinet:
        National Executive Council; appointed by mutual agreement of the president and the prime minister

    • Legislative branch:
      unicameral

        parliament:
        a single body consisting of the High Council of the Republic and the Parliament of the Transition with membership equally divided between presidential supporters and opponents

    • Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court (Cour Supreme)

    • Political parties and leaders:
      sole legal party until January 1991 - Popular Movement of the Revolution (MPR); other parties include Union for Democracy and Social Progress (UDPS), Etienne TSHISEKEDI wa Mulumba; Democratic Social Christian Party (PDSC); Union of Federalists and Independent Republicans (UFERI); Unified Lumumbast Party (PALU), Antoine GIZENGA; Union of Independent Democrats (UDI), Leon KENGO wa Dondo

    • Member of:
      ACCT, ACP, AfDB, CCC, CEEAC, CEPGL, ECA, FAO, G-19, G-24, G-77, GATT, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ITU, NAM, OAU, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador TATANENE Manata

        chancery:
        1800 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20009

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 234-7690, 7691

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        (vacant); Charge d'Affaires John M. YATES

        embassy:
        310 Avenue des Aviateurs, Kinshasa

        mailing address:
        Unit 31550, Kinshasha; APO AE 09828

        telephone:
        [243] (12) 21532, 21628

        FAX:
        [243] (12) 21534 ext. 2308, 21535 ext. 2308; (88) 43805, 43467

    • Flag:
      light green with a yellow disk in the center bearing a black arm holding a red flaming torch; the flames of the torch are blowing away from the hoist side; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia






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