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Democratic Republic of Congo (Formerly Zaire)


    • Population:
      44,060,636 (July 1995 est.)

    • Age structure:

        0-14 years:
        48% (female 10,522,368; male 10,527,451)

        15-64 years:
        50% (female 11,211,353; male 10,630,118)

        65 years and over:
        2% (female 647,307; male 522,039) (July 1995 est.)

    • Population growth rate:
      3.18% (1995 est.)

    • Birth rate:
      48.33 births/1,000 population (1995 est.)

    • Death rate:
      16.57 deaths/1,000 population (1995 est.)

    • Net migration rate:
      NA migrant(s)/1,000 population (1995 est.)

        note:
        in 1994, more than one million refugees fled into Zaire to escape the fighting between the Hutus and the Tutsis in Rwanda and Burundi; a small number of these are returning to their homes in 1995 despite fear of the ongoing violence; additionally, Zaire is host to 105,000 Angolan, more than 250,000 Burundian and 100,000 Sudanese refugees; repatriation of Angolan refugees was suspended in May 1994 because of the recurrence of fighting in Angola; if present peace accords hold, repatriation of Angolans may recommence

    • Infant mortality rate:
      108.7 deaths/1,000 live births (1995 est.)

    • Life expectancy at birth:

        total population:
        47.54 years

        male:
        45.68 years

        female:
        49.46 years (1995 est.)

    • Total fertility rate:
      6.7 children born/woman (1995 est.)

    • Nationality:

        noun:
        Zairian(s)

        adjective:
        Zairian

    • Ethnic divisions:
      over 200 African ethnic groups, the majority are Bantu; four largest tribes - Mongo, Luba, Kongo (all Bantu), and the Mangbetu-Azande (Hamitic) make up about 45% of the population

    • Religions:
      Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 20%, Kimbanguist 10%, Muslim 10%, other syncretic sects and traditional beliefs 10%

    • Languages:
      French, Lingala, Swahili, Kingwana, Kikongo, Tshiluba

    • Literacy:
      age 15 and over can read and write (1990 est.)

        total population:
        72%

        male:
        84%

        female:
        61%

    • Labor force:
      15 million (25% of the labor force comprises wage earners)

        by occupation:
        agriculture 75%, industry 13%, services 12% (1985)






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